The Response of Streamflow to Climate Change in Gumera Watershed, Blue Nile River Basin, Ethiopia

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Gurmu Deressa
Geleta Guta
Kedir Mohammed Bushira*


Change in water hydrology is caused by climate change. This study evaluates the response of stream flow to climate change. A study of the impact of climate change on streamflow and direct runoff in the Gumera watershed was carried out using the hydrologic model HEC-HMS. Climate change impact analysis was performed using a down scaled Regional Climate Model (RCM) called the Hadley Center Earth System Model (Had GEM-ES). In this model, bias correction was done for 365 days using power transformation for rainfall correction. The study showed that for the RCP2.6 scenario, streamflow decreases annually by 0.001% in the 2050’s. It decreases annually with change of 0.01% for RCP4.5. The RCP8.5 scenario reveals an annual decrease in streamflow of 0.002%. The study provides a broad perspective on probable hydrologic alterations in the region, and the results provide useful input for sustainable water resource development.

Keywords: climate change impact; streamflow precipitation; direct runoff; HEC-HMS; Gumera watershed; Ethiopia

*Corresponding author: Tel.: +264817713539



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