Main Article Content
Infections of helminthes and protozoan may represent a public health problem some area in Thailand. The important infectious of helminthes and protozoan between animal and human. This study aims to determine the intestinal helminthic infection of population from long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) from Khao Sam Muk, Chonburi province during January to April, 2017. All of 63 samples were examined by the formalin ethyl-acetate concentration technique. The result showed that 84.1 percentage samples were positive. Helminths were found including Trichuris trichiura 27 percentage and hookworm 25.4 percentage. The 73 percentage of long-tailed macaques were infected with the protozoa including Entamoeba coli (58.7 percentage), Entamoeba histolytica (22.2 percentage), Giardia lamblia (11.1 percentage), Blastocystis hominis (9.5 percentage) and Endolimax nana (6.3 percentage). Additionally, the study found 58.7 percentagemixed infection of helminths and protozoa. This result indicated that long-tailed macaques were important reservoirs of helminth diseases.
Casim, L.F., Bandal, M.Z., Gonzales, J.C.B., Valdez, E.M.M., Chavez, G.C.S., and Paller, V.G.V. 2015. Enteroparasites of captive long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) from National Wildlife Research and Rescue Center, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines. Asian J. Conserv. Biol. 4(1): 54-61.
Feng, M., Yang, B., Yang, L., Fu, Y., Zhuang, Y., Liang, L., Xu Q., Cheng X., and Tachibana, H. 2011. High prevalence of Entamoeba infections in captive long-tailed macaques in China. Parasitol. Res. 109(4): 1093–1097.
Jones‐Engel, L., Engel, G. A., Schillaci, M. A., Froehlich, J., Paputungan, U., and Kyes, R. C. 2004. Prevalence of enteric parasites in pet macaques in Sulawesi, Indonesia. Am. J. Primatol. 62(2): 71-82.
Krejcie R.V and Morgan DW. 1970. Determining sampling size for research activities. J. Educ. Psychol. Meas. 30: 607-610.
Malaivijitnond, S., Chaiyabutr, N., Urasopon, N., and Hamada, Y. 2006. Intestinal nematode parasites of long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) inhabiting some tourist attraction sites in Thailand. Proceedings of the 32nd Congress on Science and Technology of Thailand, Bangkok, Thailand, 1-3 November 2006: 1-3.
Pumipuntu, N., Gerdsuwan, C., Sukma, C., and Khemton, S. 2013. Study the prevalence of parasitic infection of long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis) in Kosumpee forest park, Maha Sarakham province. Proceeding of the 9th Research academic conference at Maha Sarakham University, Maha Sarakham province, Thailnd, 12-13 September 2013: 518-523. (in Thai)
Zanzani, S. A., Gazzonis, A. L., Epis, S., and Manfredi, M. T. 2016. Study of the gastrointestinal parasitic fauna of captive non-human primates (Macaca fascicularis). Parasitol Res. 115(1): 307-312.