The Prevalence and Risk Factors of Anaplasma spp. and Babesia spp. Infection in Meat Goats and Beef Cattle at the Borderline between Thailand and Cambodia

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Kanokwan Singasa
Suchawan Pornsukarom
Charay Udomying
Yuwadee Kongpiromchuen
Thanakrit Jankong
Donruthai Srita
Pongphon Tongsangiam
Natkamon Changsri


The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence and factors associated with Anaplasma spp. and Babesia spp. infection including the examination of packed cell volume percent in meat goats and beef cattle at the borderline of Thailand and Cambodia from six subdistrict of Aranyaprathet district in Sa Kaeo province. The blood samples were collected from 284 meat goats and beef cattle that involved Banklongwa subdistrict (59 samples), Pansuk subdistrict (27 samples), Thap Phrik subdistrict (27 samples), Klong Thapchan subdistrict (43 samples), Klong Namsai subdistrict (12 samples) and Tha Kham subdistrict (116 samples). The blood parasites of Anaplasma spp. and Babesia spp. were investigated by thin blood smear with Diff-Quik stain and centrifugated by Microcentrifuge, respectively. The results revealed that found blood parasite of prevalence of Anaplasma spp. 10.91% and Babesia spp. 2.81%. Tha Kham subdistrict was found 5.93 times of Anaplasma spp. infection when compared with the other subdistrict (P<0.05). Klong Thapchan subdistrict was found 9.78 times of Babesia spp. Infection when compared to the other subdistrict (P<0.05). Whereas the packed cell volume percent of Anaplasma spp. and Babesia spp. infection were not significant difference (P>0.05). The results of conclusion that Tha Kham subdistrict has higher than percentage of prevalence of blood parasite infection in meat goats and beef cattle than the other subdistrict. Because Tha Kham subdistrict has almost area near the borderline between Thailand and Cambodia which increasing movements and exchange of livestock between these country. Therefore, Tha Kham subdistrict is the most subdistrict that has a chance of these blood parasite infections in meat goats and beef cattle.


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