Antibacterial and Antioxidant Activity of Nam-Nam Fruit Extract

Antibacterial activity of Nam-Nam fruit extract


  • On-Anong Somsap Faculty of medicine, Princess of Naradhiwas University , 99 M.8, Khokkhean subdistrict, Muang district, Narathiwat province
  • Gornganok Piboonpol
  • Kolip Payanglee
  • Charuwan Daengrot


Nam-Nam, Antibacterial, Antioxidant, MRSA142


Medicinal plant extract is recognized as anti-bacterial and antioxidant. This research aims to investigate the efficacy of Nam-Nam fruit extract to against bacterial and antioxidant activity. Anti-bacterial activity was determined by agar well diffusion method. The results showed that only Gram-positive bacteria susceptible to Nam-Nam fresh fruit juice and ethanol extract. Bacillus cereus ATCC11778 showed susceptibility to Nam-Nam-fresh fruit juice and ethanol extract with inhibition zone of 17 and 25 mm, respectively. Comparison the antibacterial activity between Nam-Nam fruit extract with gentamicin (10 ug) found that MRSA142 susceptible to Nam-Nam extract but resistance to gentamicin (10 ug). The MIC values of both extract of Nam-Nam fruit to against MRSA142 was 500 mg/ml. For the study of antioxidant activity was determined by using DPPH solution. The result showed antioxidant activity more than 50% inhibition at concentration of 71.21 mg/ml and 76 mg/ml, respectively. Moreover, the total flavonoids content in both of Nam-Nam fruit extract were 5.48 and 7.10 mg/ml, respectively.


Download data is not yet available.


Abubakar, E. I., & Simon, O. (2015). Effect of Temperature and Storage on Vitamin C Content in Fruits Juice. International Journal of Chemical and Biomolecular Science, 1(2), 17-21.

Ado, M. A., Abas, F., Mohammed, A. S., & Ghazali, H. M. (2013). Anti- and pro-lipase activity of selected medicinal, herbal and aquatic plants, and structure elucidation of an anti-lipase compound.Molecules, 18(146), 51-69.

Aziz, A. F. A., & Iqbal, M. (2013). Antioxidant activity and phytochemical composition of Cynometra cauliflora. Journal of Experimental and Integrative Medicine, 3, 337–41.

Barreira, J. C., Ferreira, I. C., Oliveira, M. B., & Pereira, J. A. (2010). Antioxidant potential of chestnut (Castanea
sativa L.) and almond (Prunus dulcis L.) by-products. Food Science and Technology International, 16(3), 209-16.

Das, K., Tiwari, R. K. S., & Shrivastava, D. K. (2010). Techniques for evaluation of medicinal plant product as antimicrobial agent: Current methods and future trends. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 4, 104-11.

Dewanto, V., Wu, X., Adom, K. K., & Liu, R. H. (2002). Thermal processing enhances the nutritional value of tomatoes by increasing total antioxidant activity. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 8(10), 3010-4.

Ferrazzano, G. F., Sateriale, E. S. D., Pastore, G., Colicchio, R., Pagliuca, C., Cantile, T.,... & Pagliarulo, C. (2017). In Vitro Antibacterial Activity of Pomegranate Juice and Peel Extracts on Cariogenic Bacteria. BioMed Research International, 2017(5), 1-7

Fitri, M. A., Azizan, K. A., & Goh, H. H. (2018). Antioxidant Activity of Pitcher Extracts from Three Nepenthes Species. Sains Malaysiana, 47(12), 3069–3075

Frieri, M., Kumarb, K., & Boutinc, A. (2017). Antibiotic resistance. Journal of Infection and Public Health, 10, 369-378.

Gill, A. O., & Holley, R. A. (2006). Disruption of Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes and Lactobacillus sakei cellular membranes by plant oil aromatics. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 106, 1-9.

Ikram, E. H. K., Eng, K. H., Jalil, A. M. M., Ismail, A., Idris, S., Azlan, A., ... Mokhtar, R. A. M. (2009). Antioxidant capacity and total phenolic content of Malaysian underutilized fruits. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 22(5), 388-393.

Kaleem, A., Nazir. N., Pervaiz, S., Iqtedar, M., Abdullah, R., Aftab, M., & Naz, S. (2016). Investigation of the effect of temperature on vitamin C in fresh and packed fruit and packed fruit juices. FUUAST Journal of Biology, 6(1), 117-120.

Karimi,E.,Oskoueian,E.,Hendra,R.,Oskoueian,A.,&Jaarar,H.Z.(2012).PhenolicCompoundsCharacterization and Biological Activities of Citrus aurantium Bloom. Molecules, 17, 1203-1218.

Khoo, H.E., Azlan, A., Kong, K. W., & Ismail,A.(2016). Phytochemicals andmedicinal properties ofindigenous tropical fruits with potential for commercial development. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 1, 1-20.

Lou, N. S., Lai, C. Y., Hsu, S. Y., & Ho, T. C. (2014). Flavonoid compositions and antioxidant activity of calamondin extracts prepared using different solvents. Journal of Food and Drug analysis, 22, 290-295.

Murugan, N. B., Mishra, B. K., & Paul. B. (2018). Antioxidant and antibacterial evaluation of medicinal plants used in the starter culture (Wanti) of fermented rice beverage in West Garo hills, Meghalaya. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 7(1), 1669-1674.

Mostafa, A. A., Al-Askar, A. A., Almaary, K. S., Dawoud, T. M., Sholkamy, E. N., & Bakri, M. M. (2018). Antimicrobial activity of some plant extracts against bacterial strains causing food poisoning diseases. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 25, 361–366.

Praychoen, P., Praychoen, P., & Phongtongpasuk, S. (2013). Effect of Thermal Treatment on Phytochemical Contents and Antioxidant Activity of Gac Juice. Burapha Science Journal, 2, 90-96.

Rabeta, M. S., Chan, S., Neda, G. D., Lam, K. L., & Ong, M. T. (2013). Anticancer effect of underutilized fruits. International Food Research Journal, 20(2), 551-556.

Singh, D., Gupta, R., & Saraf, S. A. (2012). Herbs: Are they safe enough? An overview. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 52, 876-98.

Shan B., Cai Y-Z., Brooks J. D., & Corke H. (2007). The in vitro antibacterial activity of dietary spice and medicinal herb extracts. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 117, 112-9.

Sopittummakhun, K., & Rattanasinganchan, P. (2017). Extraction and determination of antioxidant activity in herbal plant. Huachiew Chalermprakiet Science and Technology Journal, 3(1), 86-93.

Sukandar, D., & Amelia, E. R. (2013). Karakterisasi Senyawa Aktif Antioksidan dan Antibakteri Dalam Ekstrak Etanol Buah Nam Nam (Cynometra cauliflora L.). Valensi, 3(1), 35-40

Tajudin, T. J. S. A., Mat, N., Siti-Aishah, A. B., Yusran, A. A. M., Alwi, A., & Ali, A. M. (2012). “Cytotoxicity, antiproliferative effects, and apoptosis induction of methanolic extract of Cynometra cauliflora Linn. whole fruit on human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2012, Article ID 127373, 6 pages.

Tiwari, B. K., Valdramidi, V. P., O’Donnell, C. P., Muthukumarappan, K., Bourke, P., & Cullen, P. J. (2009). Application of natural antimicrobials for food preservation. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 57, 5987-6000.

Valle Jr, D. L., Andrade, J. I., Puzon, J. J. M., Cabrera, E. C., & Rivera, W. L. (2015). Antibacterial activities of ethanol extracts of Philippine medicinal plants against multidrug-resistant bacteria. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 5(7), 532-540.

Vichakaset. (2016). Nam Nam. Retrived Dec 15, 2018, from

Woo Y., Lee H., Jeong Y.S., Shin G. Y., Oh J.G., Kim J.S., & Oh J. (2017). Antioxidant Potential of Selected Korean Edible Plant Extracts. BioMed Research International, 2017(21), 1-9.

Additional Files



How to Cite

Somsap, O.-A., Piboonpol, G., Payanglee, K., & Daengrot, C. (2019). Antibacterial and Antioxidant Activity of Nam-Nam Fruit Extract: Antibacterial activity of Nam-Nam fruit extract. Princess of Naradhiwas University Journal, 11(2), 156–167. Retrieved from