The Effect of Parent Participation Program on Care Behavior for Young Children with Febrile Convulsion
This Quasi - experimental research aimed to study the effect of a parent participation program on care behaviors for young children with febrile convulsion. Sample was parents of children at the aged of 6 months to 5 years old with diagnosis of febrile convulsion which admitted at the pediatric wards 1 in Trang Hospital during the period of January to July 2019. The sample was assigned into two groups; control groups and experimental groups (30 subjects/group). These two groups were matched pair in sex, age and number of having febrile convulsion. The experimental group received the parent participation program. While the control group received a routine nursing care. Data collecting tool was a questionnaire regarding demographic data, and care behaviors for children with febrile convulsion of parents. Content validity of the questionnaire was validated by 3 experts yielding a IOC of 0.92. Its reliability was tested using Cronbach s alpha coefficient yielding a value of 0.84. The data were analyzed using percentage, mean, standard deviation and t-test statistics.
The results revealed that child care behavior scores of the parents after joining the program (M 96.77, SD = 2.144 ) was higher than before joining the program (M = 55.07, SD = 1.285) with statistically significant (t (29) = -92. 113, p < .001), and child care behavior scores of the parents after joining the program (x = 41.70, SD = 2.480) was higher than the group that received a routine nursing care (M = 39.87, SD = 2.751) with statistical significance (t (58) = 2.711, p < .05).
These findings suggest that nurses and health care professions should apply this program for caring of children with febrile convulsion in order to enhance knowledge, skills, and confidence of parents in effective care of children with febrile convulsion.
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