Fators Associated with Non-adherence to Iron Supplements among Pregnant Women in Southernmost Provinces of Thailand: A Hospital – Based Longitudinal Survey
This research aimed to evaluate the situation and determine the associated factors of the non-adherence to iron supplements among pregnant women during the services of ante-natal care clinics. The hospital-based longitudinal survey was conducted in three provinces of southernmost Thailand from January to September 2015. Two-hundred and ninety-five PW with 2nd and 3rd trimester of gestational age were recruited by purposive sampling methods. The self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Alpha’s Cronbach of an instrument’s validity was 0.82. Independent variables described as the percentage, mean (SD). Logistic regression was utilized to assess the associated factors of the non-adherence to iron supplements. The prevalence of non-adherence to iron supplements was 42%. The main cause of the non-adherence was the PW did not give attention to taking iron supplements during their pregnancy. About one-fifth of participants showed a lack of knowledge regarding the benefits of iron supplements. Gestational age, educational levels, food intake, and understand in iron supplements’ benefits were significantly associated with the non-adherence to iron supplements. The prevalence of non-adherence to iron supplements in the southernmost provinces of Thailand was high. The health education program toward the iron supplements’ benefits and food intake during pregnancy should be advocated, especially among women in early gestational pregnancy.
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