Pre-Ramadan Education for Pregnant Women with Diabetes Mellitus
Gestational diabetes is caused by body changes and abnormalities of carbohydrate metabolism, which affects both the health of pregnant women and the fetus. Fasting during Ramada is a religious practice of Muslims. They believe that they would receive good deeds from this practice since Ramadan was the month of God giving the Quran to human beings. Also, it is believed that fasting improves physical health, and it is a practical way to train people for psychological hardiness. Although pregnant women are exempt from religious fasting, some including ones with gestational diabetes choose to fast simultaneously with family members. This is because they have strong faith in religious principles and believe that they can continue to practice with such conditions. Therefore, pre-Ramadan education for pregnant women with diabetes is important to nurses and multi-professional teams in healthcare in an aspect of blood sugar level control to prevent the advance of diabetes symptoms and complications.
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