Factors Related to Transcultural Nursing Competencies for Health Care Services of Nurses in Hospitals located in 5 Southern Border Provinces


  • Patimoh Nima นิมา
  • Hasna Tohpa


Transcultural nursing competency, Health services, 5 Hospitals of Southern Border Provinces


This descriptive research aimed to study the transcultural nursing practice of nurses in health services, transcultural nursing competency level and factors related to the transcultural nursing competency of nurses for health care services of hospitals in 5 southern border provinces. The participants for the quantitative study were 400 nurses working in hospitals in 5 southern border provinces, and the participants for the qualitative study were 50 nurses. The participants were selected by purposive random sampling. The questionnaire was divided into 4 parts: personal data of nurses, training experience, self-assessment form on transcultural nursing competency and group discussion topics. The Alpha's Cronbach was 0.87. The qualitative data were analyzed with content analysis. The quantitative data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation and Chi-Square test.
The results showed that health care services in 5 southern border provinces in transcultural nursing could be provided for outpatients, inpatients, community care centers and local hospice care centers for terminal patients with cultural diverse. The nurse’s competency in transcultural nursing for health care service in 5 southern border provinces was at a high level ( = 3.61, SD = 0.38). The factors that were positively related to transcultural nursing competency were their values towards different cultures (r = 0.287, p < 0.05), policy support at work (r = 0.221, p < 0.05), and the experience of transcultural nursing training (F = 4.370, p < 0.05). The factors which were not associated with transcultural nursing competency were age, religion, educational level, department of nursing practice, nursing experience and experience in caring for multinational clients.


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How to Cite

Nima, P. ., & Tohpa, H. . (2022). Factors Related to Transcultural Nursing Competencies for Health Care Services of Nurses in Hospitals located in 5 Southern Border Provinces. Princess of Naradhiwas University Journal, 14(3), 49–71. Retrieved from https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/pnujr/article/view/253082