Health Literacy 3E 2S of Elderly in Narathiwat Province under the Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic


  • Nurdeenee Dereh 0856729466
  • Pathcharawadee Tongnuang
  • Amanee Daemayu
  • Norwatee Mayi
  • Rosreen Chesoh
  • Sukanda Noothong


Health literacy, 3E 2S, Elderly, COVID-19


The objectives of this descriptive study were to investigate and compare the health literacy 3E 2S of the elderly in Narathiwat province under Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The samples were 1,087 elderly living in Narathiwat province, obtained from multistage random sampling. The research tools were questionnaire which consisted of demographic data and the health literacy 3E 2S of the elderly. The content was validated by experts, and its reliability had been validated by Cronbach’s alpha coefficients at 0.8. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, and one-way ANOVA.
The findings revealed that the score for health literacy 3E 2S among the elderly in Narathiwat province under COVID-19 pandemic was at a low level (M = 38.7, S.D. = 7.83). Considering each aspect separately, most of the elderly had knowledge and understanding of health literacy, access of information and service, communication, self-management, and ICT and digital literacy at a low level. However, the aspects of making decision and practice on health were at a high level (M = 8.96,
S.D. = 1.71). When it is compared with the health literacy 3E 2S, it revealed that the elderly’s main caregivers, medical caregivers and level of education were varied, and the health literacy 3E 2S had a statistical significant difference at .05.


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Author Biography

Nurdeenee Dereh, 0856729466



คณะพยาบาลศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยนราธิวาสราชนครินทร์


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How to Cite

Dereh น., Tongnuang พ., Daemayu อ., Mayi น., Chesoh โ., & Noothong ส. (2022). Health Literacy 3E 2S of Elderly in Narathiwat Province under the Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic. Princess of Naradhiwas University Journal, 14(2), 1–16. Retrieved from