Self-esteem, Social Support and Beliefs about Postpartum Blue among Thai Muslim Newborn Mothers in Narathiwas Province


  • Sarinee Sawan Faculty of Nursing, Princess of Naradhiwas University
  • Muslin Topaeroh


Psychosocial factor , Belief, Postpartum blue, Postpartum Mother, Muslim


This study was a predictive correlation research design aiming to study factors such as self-esteem, social support and beliefs about postpartum blue of Thai muslim newborn mothers. The samples were 80 newborn mothers who just delivered newborn babies less than 4 weeks, returned home and was under care of district health promotion hospitals of Narathiwat province from January 5, 2019 to July 1, 2019. The study samples were selected using purposive sampling based on qualifications. The tools used to collect data composed of personal data, self-esteem questionnaire, social support questionnaire, beliefs towards postpartum blue questionnaire and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depressive Scale (EPDS), received Cronbach’s alpha coefficient at 0.85, 0.81, 0.97 and 0.74, respectively. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis.
According to the findings, the Thai muslim newborn mothers were found having normal mental health condition, having sadness 7.5%, having postpartum depression 32.5%, having self-esteem at an average level and having beliefs about postpartum depression saying that it was unpredictable. The study also showed that low social support is able to increase postpartum blue chance in Thai muslim newborn mothers 12.91% with a statistical significance (p < 0.05).


Download data is not yet available.


Adeyemo, E.O., Oluwole, E.O., Kanma-Okafor, O.J., Izuka, O.M. & Odeyemi, K.A. (2020). Prevalence and predictors of postpartum depression among postnatal women in Lagos, Nigeria. African Health Science, 20(4), 1943-1954.

Ahmad, H.A., Alkhatib, A., & Luo, J. (2021). Prevalence and risk factors of postpartum depression in the Middle East: a systematic review and meta–analysis. Biomedcentral Pregnancy Childbirth, 21(542), 1-12.

Balaram, K., & Marwaha, R. (2022). Postpartum blues. (Treasure Island, 2022). P. 1-14, Retrieved January 15, 2022, from

Burnard, P., Naiyapatana, W., & Lloyd, C. (2006). Views of mental illness and mental health care in Thailand: a report of an ethnographic study. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 13(6), 742-749.

Che-Ubung. W. (2012.). Tohbeedae Wisdom. Pattani: Mittrapab. (in thai).

Cox, J.L., Holden, J.M., & Sagovsky, R. (1987). Detection of postnatal depression: Development of the 10 item Edinburgh Posnatal Depression Scale. British Journal of Psychiatric, 150, 782-786.

Edlund, M.J., Fortney, J.C., Reaves, C.M., Pyne, J.M., & Mittal, D. (2008). Beliefs about depression and depression treatment among depressed veterans. Medical Care, 46(6), 581-589.

Fiala, A., Svancava, J., Klanova, J., & Kasparale, T. (2017). Sociodemographic and delivery risk factors for developing postpartum depression in a sample of 3233 mothers from the Czech ELSPAC study. Biomedcentral Psychiatry, 17(104), 1-10.

Gerli, S., Fraternale, F., Lucarini, E., Chiaraluce, S., & Tortorella, A. (2019). Obstetric and psychosocial risk factors associated with maternity blues. The Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine, 34(8), 1227-1232.

House, J.S. (1981). The nature of social support in M.A. Reading (Ed.), Work stress and social support. California: Addison–Wesley.

Kanjanavas, P., Nabkason, C., & Dallas, J.C. (2020). The effect of cognitive behavioral therapy program on postpartum depression among primiparous mothers. Royal Thai Navy Medical Journal, 47(1), 37-55.

Khamkoed, C. (2016). Self-esteem and breastfeeding practice among postpartum mothers at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital. Thesis. Degree of Master of Science program in Mental Health. Faculty of Medicine. Chulalongkorn University. (in Thai).

Lawarowicz-plus, G., Marcewicz, A., & Bien, A. (2021). Analysis of determinants of postpartum emotional disorders. Biomedcentral Pregnancy Childbirth, 21(517), 1-6.

Lertsakornsiri, M., Boonyanurut, P., Deoisres, W., & Hisako, K. (2012). Relationship between stress, social support, self-esteem and depression in postpartum mothers. Thai Journal of Nursing, 1(3), 1-8.

Maliszewska. K, Swiatkowska-Freund. M, Bidzan. M & Preis. K. (2016). Relationship, social support, and personality as psychosocial determinants of the risk for postpartum blues. Ginekologia Polska, 86(6), 442-447.

Mangkhang, W., Yotsena, B., & Pupjain, S. (2019). Situation of Postpartum Maternity Blues. Journal of Health Science, 28, 13-19.

Meighan, M., Davis, M.W., Thomas, S., & Droppleman, P.G. (1999). Living with postpartum depression:The fathers experience. The American Journal of Maternal and Child Nursing, 24, 202-208.

Mikus, M., Skegro, B., Kardjole, V.S., Lesin, J., Banovic, V., & Herman, M. (2021). Maternity Blues among creation mothers – A Single center study. Psychiatria Danubina, 20(10), 1-5.

Mohammad, K.I., Sabbah, H., Aldalaykeh, M., ALBashtawy, M., Abuobead, K.Z., & Creedy, D. (2021). Informative title: Effects of social support, parenting stress and self-efficacy on postpartum depression among adolescent mothers in Jordan. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 30(23), 3456-3465.

Papamakou. M., Sarafis. P., Kaite. C., Mallirou, M., & Tsounis, A. (2017). Investigation of the association between quality of life and depressive symptoms during postpartum period: a correlational study. Biomedcentral Womens Health, 17(115), 1-9.

Rakkiat. M., & Poolpat. P. (2020). Prevalence of Postpartum Depression and Related Factors among Teenage Mothers, Nopparatrajathanee Hospital. The Journal of Faculty of Nursing Burapha University, 28(1), 38-47.

Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Rosenstock, I.M. (1974). Historical origins of the health belief model. Health Education Monographs, 2, 328-335.

Saksoong, A., & Chaunchaiyasit, P. (2018). Tok Bidan’s way of life: the preservation of folk wisdom and community culture in areas of deep South provinces, Thailand. Inthaninthaksin Journal, 13(1), 31-53.

Saenbunma. K., Deoisres. W., & Chuahom. U. (2019). Predictors of Postpartum Depression Among Women with Emergency Cesarean Section. The Journal of Faculty of Nursing Burapha University, 27(3), 23-31.

Sitthiboonma, N., Kantaruksa, K., & Supavititpatana, B. (2020). Stress, social support and postpartum depression among first-time mothers. Nursing Journal, 47(2), 169-179.

Srisaeng, P. (2006). Postpartum Depression: What nurses need to know. Journal of Faculty of Nursing, 29(1), 46-53.

Suemrum. P., Wattanapailin. A., Yuttatri. P. & Vongsirimas. N. (2016). Correlation between beliefs about depression, social support, medical co-morbidity and drug adherence behavior in elderly with major depressive disorder. The Journal of Baromarajonani College of Nusing, Nakhonratchasima, 22(1), 108-120.

Suhail, K. (2005). A study investigating mental health literacy in Pakistan. Journal of Mental Health, 14(2), 167-181.

Sunthorn, W., Thapinta, D., Panuthai, S., & Xuto, P. (2021). Factors Explaining Postpartum Depression among Thai Adolescent Mothers. Pacific Rim International Journal of Nursing Research, 25(1), 48-59.

Sutthiprapa, A., & Wunchooserm, P. (2021). The role of nurses in caring for first-time mothers with postpartum depression. Journal of Mahachulalongkornrajvidyalaya University Nakhondhat, 8(11), 40-53.

The American College of Obstetrician and Gynecologist [ACOG]. (2016). Postpartum depression. Retrieved November 24, 2018, from

Tolossa, T., Feten, G., Yilma, M.T., Abadiga, M., & Wakuma, B. (2020). Postpartum depression and associated factors among postpartum women in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis, 2020. Public Health Reviews, 41(21), 1-20.

Watcharaporn, K., Pitanupong, J., & Samangsri, N. (2003). The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (Thai version). Journal of Mental Health of Thailand, 11(3), 164-169.

Additional Files



How to Cite

Sawan, S., & Topaeroh ม. (2022). Self-esteem, Social Support and Beliefs about Postpartum Blue among Thai Muslim Newborn Mothers in Narathiwas Province . Princess of Naradhiwas University Journal, 14(2), 246–281. Retrieved from