Factors Influencing Self-Management among Thai Muslim Elderly with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Community


  • Amanee Daemayu -
  • Nurdeenee Dereh
  • Supavadee Adisaisakda
  • Patcharawadee Tongnuang
  • Punyisa jarintanan


Influencing factors, Self-management, Thai muslim elderly, Type 2 diabetes mellitus


The research aimed to scrutinize self-management and examine factors influencing self-management among Thai Muslim elderly with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in community. There were 120 participants involved in this study and the data were collected from December 2021 to March 2022. The instruments used in data collection were five interview forms. The first form was about personal information and illness, the second form was self-management among Thai Muslim elderly with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, the third form was about health’s information of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus’ elderly, the fourth form was about self-efficacy interview’s questions, and the last form was the interview questions about social support. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and stepwise multiple regression.
The results revealed that:
1. The overall self-management score of the participants was at a high level. (Mean = 66.63, S.D. = 4.36). Similarly, the dimension of emotional management was found at a high level, but the other dimensions of treatment, role management, and coordination regarding an appointment with the doctor were at a moderate level.
2. The social support and health’s information of the elderly were a significant predictor for self-management and were shown to have 11.70 percent of variance (R2 = 0.117, F = 7.071, p < .01). The social support was the most important predictor of self-management among Thai Muslim elderly with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (B = -0.264 and B = 0.231, respectively). On the other hand, the awareness of self-efficacy was unable to predict self-management.
The results of this study can be used as the basic information for nurses and health personnel in order to develop and enhance self-management programs for Thai Muslim elderly with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus were promoted by social support and health’s information of the elderly to obtain effective self-management in the future.


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Daemayu, A., Dereh, N., Adisaisakda, S., Tongnuang, P., & jarintanan, P. (2022). Factors Influencing Self-Management among Thai Muslim Elderly with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Community. Princess of Naradhiwas University Journal, 14(3), 169–187. Retrieved from https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/pnujr/article/view/254335