Personal Factors, Stress, and Psychological Immunity Affecting Bullying Behavior of High School Students in The Southern Border Provinces of Thailand


  • Muslin Thopaeroh -
  • Fusiyah Hayee
  • Nirusanee Akachi
  • Nuttika Choorat
  • Sarinee Sawan
  • Nisreen Chemama
  • Narisa Suphataworachat
  • Nanta Kaleang


bullying behavior, stress, psychological immunity, high School student, southern border provinces


 This study was a descriptive research that aimed to investigate bullying behavior and to test the effect of personal factors, stress, and psychological immunity on bullying behavior among high school students in the southern border provinces of Thailand. The sample consisted of 480 students, in Mathayomsuksa 1-6 of The Secondary Educational Service Area Office 15, whose ages were between 13 to 18 years old by using a multi-stage sampling method. Data were collected by a personal data questionnaire, stress assessment scale (ST-5), psychological immunity inventory, and the bullying behavior questionnaire. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.67, 0.87 and 0.84, respectively. Data were analyzed by using averages, standard deviation, and a stepwise multiple regression.
The results showed that the most reported type of bullying behaviors was verbally bullying, which were included with vulgar language, teasing, ranking, and regretting (76.25 percent and 42.30 percent). Factors that influenced by bullying behavior were found statistically significant at the level of .05. They were included with sex, relationship with friends, history of drug abuse, stress, psychological immunity in optimism aspect, and low risk preference aspect that could be affected by bullying behavior about 15.7 percent.
The results of this study can be used to be a guideline for the surveillance and prevention of bullying behavior among students by promoting psychological immunity and appropriate stress management. Moreover, they can be used as a guideline for the resolution of bullying problems among students at schools in the southern border provinces of Thailand.


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Thopaeroh, M., Hayee, F., Akachi, N., Choorat, N., Sawan, S., Chemama, N., Suphataworachat, N., & Kaleang, N. (2022). Personal Factors, Stress, and Psychological Immunity Affecting Bullying Behavior of High School Students in The Southern Border Provinces of Thailand. Princess of Naradhiwas University Journal, 14(3), 230–251. Retrieved from