The Study of Optimum Light Structures for the Production of the Aquatic Macrophyte (Wolffia globosa)

Main Article Content

Nittaya Ketkaew
Saksri Rakthai

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to (1) examine the light intensity and to (2) investigate the light period for the production of Wolffia globosa . The methodology of this research was divided into 2 steps: (1) the first step employed a completely randomized design (CRD) with 5 treatments and 4 replications including 4,000, 8,000, 12,000, 16,000 and 20,000 lux in order to select the light intensity level affecting the maximum marginal yields, and (2) the second step used a completely randomized design (CRD) with 5 treatments and 4 replications including 8, 10, 12, 14 and 16 hours per day, respectively. The data were collected twice per day as follows: temperature, pH and electrical conductivity of water quality for every 5 days for the 30-day period. The data were analyzed by means of analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Duncan's Multiple Range Test (DMRT) at the 0.05 level of significance. The results showed that the optimum light structure for the production of the aquatic macrophyte (Wolffia globosa)  was light intensity 12,000 lux with 14 hours per day of the light period which produced maximum marginal the aquatic macrophyte yield (295.20±17.96 grams) and the aquatic macrophyte dry weight yields (11.44±0.66 grams).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Ketkaew น., & Rakthai ศ. . (2022). The Study of Optimum Light Structures for the Production of the Aquatic Macrophyte (Wolffia globosa). Rajamangala University of Technology Srivijaya Research Journal, 14(1), 144–155. Retrieved from https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rmutsvrj/article/view/245050
Section
Research Article
Author Biographies

Nittaya Ketkaew, Department of Environmental Technology for Agriculture, Faculty of Science and Technology, Pathumwan Institute of Technology.

Department of Environmental Technology for Agriculture, Faculty of Science and Technology, Pathumwan Institute of Technology, 833 Rama 1 Road, Wangmai, Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand.

Saksri Rakthai, Department of Environmental Technology for Agriculture, Faculty of Science and Technology, Pathumwan Institute of Technology.

Department of Environmental Technology for Agriculture, Faculty of Science and Technology, Pathumwan Institute of Technology, 833 Rama 1 Road, Wangmai, Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand.

References

Boonwittaya, W., Tongcom, N. and Rittilert, P. 2016. Effect of added The Aquatic Macrophyte added Chocolate Chip Muffin Quality. Research and Development Journal Science and Technology 11(3): 41-53. (in Thai)

Chaowanakun, N., Lalun, K and Budbun, C. 2018. The Automatic Control System of pH and Temperature for Hydroponic Vegetables via Android. Journal of Project in Computer Science and Information Technology 4(1): 67-72. (in Thai)

Chatrakul, A., Uttama-ang, S., Deepanya, W. and Phanrattanachai, K. 2012. Research Report on Technology of production and utility of Water meal [Wolffia arrhiza (L.) Wimm.] in commerce. Technology and Industrial Technology, Phetchabun Rajabhat University. (in Thai)

Chantiratikul, A., Chantiratikul, P., Sangdee, A., Maneechote, U., Bunchasak, C. and Chinrasri, O. 2010. Performance and carcass characteristics of Japanese quails fed diets containing Water meal [Wolffia globosa (L.) Wimm.] as a protein replacement for soybean meal. International Journal of Poultry Science 9: 562-566.

Damna, N., Saikaew, W. and Tira-umphon, A. 2017. Effect of Fertilizer Type and Light Filter Level to Yield and Quality of Wolffia [Wolffia arrhiza (L.) Wimm.]. Songklanakarin Journal of Plant Science 4(3): 60-64. (in Thai)

Deepanya, W. 2012. Research Report on Development of Products Water meal [Wolffia arrhiza (L.) Wimm.] leather. Food Science and Technology, Phetchabun Rajabhat University. (in Thai)

Jutasong, C. 1999. Growth and Protein of Duckweed [Wolffia arrhiza (L) Wimm.] Cultivated in Sewage Water from Cassava Flour Factory. Master of Science Thesis, M.S., Mahasarakham University. (in Thai)

Khunjet, S. 2017. Research Report on Production of Durian Seedling cv. Monthlong with Reducing Phytophthora palmivora Infections by Controlling Temperature and Relative Humidity in Nursery using Fuzzy Control Systems. Faculty of Science & Arts, Burapha University. (in Thai)

Niyanuch, U. and Tangwongchai, R. 2010. Effect of temperature and storage time on the composition changes of Wolffia arrhiza (Linn) Wimm. Agricultural Science Journal 41(1)(Suppl.): 247-250. (in Thai)

Osotspa, Y. 2000. Plant nutrients. Kasetsart University Press, Bangkok. (in Thai)

Panwanitdumrong, K. 2009. Studies on Factors Effecting Growth of Wolffia [Wolffia arrhiza (L.) Wimm.] and Methodology for Mass Production Culture. Master of Science Thesis, M.S., Kasetsart University. (in Thai)

Rowchai, S. and Somboon, S. 2007. Study on factors effecting growth of wolffia [Wolffia arrhiza (L.) Wimm.]. Thai Fisheries Gazette 60(5): 405-413. (in Thai)

Ruekaewma, N. 2011. Optimal conditions for production of Khai-nam Wolffia globosa. Ph.D. Thesis (Program in Biotechnology), Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University. (in Thai)

Ruekaewma, N., Piyatiratitivorakul, S. and Powtongsook, S. 2015. Culture system for Wolffia globosa L. (Lemnaceae) for hygiene human food. Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology 37(5): 575-580.

Sangkrasae, W., Klinkaset, T. and Mathulaprangsan, S. 2015. Environment Control System for lettuce Plant in NFT Hydroponic System. Bachelor of Engineering (Computer Engineering), Kasetsart University. (in Thai)

Sanwilat, S. 1999. Growth and protein content of Water meal [Wolffia arrhiza (Linn.) Wimm.] cultured with different diet formulas and light intensity levels in outdoor conditions. Master Thesis, M.S. (Program in Biology), Mahasarakham University. (in Thai)

Sricharoen, S., Chareontesprasit, N., Jiwyam, W., Pangphairee, P. and Choocheep, R. 2001. Culture of Wolffia (Wolffia arrhiza) for reduction of fish feed cost. KKU Research Journal 6(2): 6-15. (in Thai)

Sukjarone, A. 1999. Effects of Culture Media and Light Intensity on the Growth and Protein Content of Duckweeds (Wolffia arrhiza (Linn.) in an Outdoor Condition. Master Thesis, M.S. (Program in Biology), Mahasarakham University. (in Thai)

Tira-umphon, A. and Nitwatthanakull, N. 2018. The Suitable Harvested Date and Storage Temperature of Wolffia arrhiza (L.) Wimm. Agricultural Science Journal 49(4 Suppl.): 87-90. (in Thai)