The Utilization of Construction Waste in Hollow Non-Load-Bearing Concrete Masonry Unit

Main Article Content

chookiat choosakul
Khwanchiwa Yongsata

Abstract

The objective of this study was to reuse construction waste for hollow non-load-bearing concrete masonry unit production. In this study, concrete fragments and ceramic tile fragments were replaced by sand and crushed dust, respectively. The percentages for replacement were 0, 25, 50, 75, and 100 by weight, and ratio of cement to total mass was 1:5. The finished concrete blocks were evaluated in order to compare with Thai Community Product Standards (TCPS) 779/2548 and Thai Industrial Standards Institute (TIS) 58/2533. The results of the study showed that the specific gravity of concrete fragments and ceramic tile fragments were lower than those of sand and crushed dust, respectively. Based on concrete block characteristic, adding more sand and crushed dust can decrease the weight of concrete block and increase water absorption capacity. For compressive strength of concrete, 50% of replacement was the most appropriate and passed TCPS.779/2548 and TIS.58/2533 at 28 days with 2.53 Megapascal (MPa).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
choosakul, chookiat, & Yongsata, K. (2022). The Utilization of Construction Waste in Hollow Non-Load-Bearing Concrete Masonry Unit. Rajamangala University of Technology Srivijaya Research Journal, 14(2), 430–440. Retrieved from https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rmutsvrj/article/view/245999
Section
Research Article
Author Biographies

chookiat choosakul, วิทยาลัยเทคโนโลยีอุตสาหกรรมและการจัดการ มหาวิทยาลัยเทคโนโลยีราชมงคลศรีวิชัย

College of Industrial Technology and Management, Rajamangala University of Srivijaya, Khanom, Nakornsrithammarat 80210, Thailand.

Khwanchiwa Yongsata, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Rajamangala University of Srivijaya.

Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Rajamangala University of Srivijaya, Sikao, Trang 92150, Thailand.

References

Al-Bukhaiti, K.M., Hassan, M., Hamzah, A., Zaidi, K. and Ali, A. 2018. Study the Recycling and Use of Construction Waste in Concrete Mixtures in Yemen. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research 9(3): 1152-1154.

Amnuaypornlert, S. 2017. A Study of Property Compressive Strength and Bending Strength of Concrete Mixed with Ceramic Fragments. Kasalongkham Research Journal 11(3): 279-291. (in Thai)

ASTM. 2001a. ASTM C128. Standard Test Method for Specific Gravity and Absorption of Fine Aggregate. Annual Book of ASTM Standards, American Society for Testing and Materials, Vol. 04.02, Philadelphia.

ASTM. 2001b. ASTM C29. Standard Test Method for Unit Weight and Voids in Aggregates. Annual Book of ASTM Standards, American Society for Testing and Materials, Vol. 04.02, Philadelphia.

ASTM. 2001c. ASTM C136. Standard Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Fine and Coarse Aggregates. Annual Book of ASTM Standards, American Society for Testing and Materials, Vol. 04.02, Philadelphia.

ASTM. 2005. ASTM C203. Standard Specification for Flow Table for Use in Test of Hydraulic Cement. Annual Book of ASTM Standards, American Society for Testing and Materials, Vol. 04.01, Philadelphia.

ASTM. 2011a. ASTM C138. Standard Test Method for Density (“Unit Weight”), Yield, and Air Content (Gravimetric) of Concrete. Annual Book of ASTM Standards, American Society for Testing and Materials, Vol. 04.02, Philadelphia.

ASTM. 2011b. ASTM C33. Standard Specification for Concrete Aggregates. Annual Book of ASTM Standards, American Society for Testing and Materials, Vol. 04.02, Philadelphia.

Boonseela, M., Kheefah, P., Butakhian, P., Geunram, R. and Ritdej, S. 2019. The Recycle Demolished Concrete from Community Construction Sites to be used as Processed Concrete Sheets for Pavement. Journal of Industrial Technology Buriram Rajabhat University 9(2): 82-90. (in Thai)

Chindaprasirt, P. and Jaturapitakkul, C. 2013. Cement Pozzolan and Concrete. 7th ed. Thai Concrete Association, Bangkok. (in Thai)

Choosakul, C. 2016. Concrete Technology Theory and Practice. Triple Group Co.,Ltd., Bangkok. (in Thai)

Environment Department. 2014. Provide construction waste disposal services Open for free. Available Source: http://203.155.220.174/modules.php?name=activeshow_mod&file=article& asid=685, November 6, 2014. (in Thai)

Higashiyama, H., Yagishita, F., Sano, M. and Takahashi, O. 2012. Compressive Strength and Resistance to Chloride Penetration of Mortar using Ceramic Waste as Fine Aggregate. Construction and Building Materials (26): 96-101.

Khamput, P. 2017. Hollow Non-Load-Bearing Concrete Block Products from Fragments of Ceramic Tiles, pp. 79-84. In Proceedings of the 22nd National Convention on Civil Engineering. Rajamangala University of Technology Isan, Suranaree University of Technology, The Engineering Institute of Thailand Under H.M. The king's Patronge, Nakhon Ratchasima. (in Thai)

Khamput, P. 2018. Research Report on Hollow Non-Load-Bearing Concrete Block Products from Fragments of Ceramic Tiles for Small and Medium Enterprises. Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi. (in Thai)

Rattanachu, P., Premruetha, K., Tangchirapat, W. and Jaturapitakkul, C. 2015. Effects of Ground Fly Ash on Compressive Strength and Durability of Recycled Aggregate Concretes. Princess of Naradhiwas University Journal 7(1): 92-105. (in Thai)

Senthamarai, R.M. and Manoharan, P.D. 2005. Concrete with ceramic waste aggregate. Cement & Concrete Composites 27(9-10): 910-913.

Sukontasukkul, P. 2013. Concrete. 2nd ed. Wankawee Publishing, Pathumthani. (in Thai)

TCPS. 2005. TCPS. 779-2005. Thai Industrial Standards Institute, Community Production Standards for Hollow Block Non-Load-Bearing. Ministry of Industry, Bangkok. (in Thai)

TIS. 1974. TIS. 109-1974. Thai Industrial Standards Institute, Standard for Sampling and Testing Concrete Masonry Unit. Ministry of Industry, Bangkok. (in Thai)

TIS. 1990. TIS. 58-1990. Thai Industrial Standards Institute, Standards for Hollow Non-Load-Bearing Concrete Masonry Unit. Ministry of Industry, Bangkok. (in Thai)

TIS. 2004. TIS. 15-2004. Thai Industrial Standards Institute, Portland Part 1 Specification. Ministry of Industry, Bangkok. (in Thai)

Treepong, K. and Thepwong, R. 2020. A Study of Water Permeability on Porous Concrete Using Recycle Coarse Aggregates, pp. MAT13-1-MAT13-7. In Proceedings of the 25th National Convention on Civil Engineering. The Engineering Institute of Thailand Under H.M. The king's Patronge, Burapha University, Rambhai Barni Rajabhat University, Kasetsart University, Chonburi. (in Thai)

United State Environment Protection Agency [USEPA]. 2017. Waste Minimization Opportunity Assessment Manual. USEPA, Ohio.

Wagih, A.M., El-Karmoty, H.Z., Ebid, M. and Okba, S.H. 2013. Recycled construction and demolition concrete waste as aggregate for structural concrete. Housing and Building National Research Center Journal 9(3): 193-200.

Wongsa-nga, S. and Sathonsaowaphak, A. 2018. Optimum Usage of Recycle Concrete with Different Particle Size for Compressive Strength of Mortar Plastering. Srinakharinwirot University (Journal of Science and Technology) 10(19): 136-143. (in Thai)