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Sugarcane seedling transplanter was developed for planting seedlings from the sugarcane bud. The planting distance between plants was determined by the size of the ground wheel circumference which was 120, 150 and 180 cm. It was able to grow at the distance of 40, 50 and 60 cm, respectively. The transplanter was attached behind and pulled by a tractor. It required one operator (excluding a tractor driver) and was able to plant in one row. The transplanter consisted of planting disc mechanism, bud pushing mechanism, soil opener and soil closure, and planting depth adjustment set. The efficiency of the planter was tested with traveling speed condition of 1.34, 2.00 and 2.90 km×h-1 and at planting depth of 10 and 15 cm. The results showed that working speed of the tractor at 1.34 km h-1, circumstance of ground wheel 180 cm (planting distance at 60 cm), and planting depth of 10 cm were the optimal operating condition of the planter. The capability and the fuel consumption rate of the planter were 0.8 rai×h-1 and 6.2 L×rai-1, respectively.
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