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The objective of this research was to assess habitat suitability of Melientha suavis (Phak Wan Pa) based on some environmental factors related to M. suavis distribution in the study area within deciduous dipterocarp forest (DDF) at Ban Pong development project area of Royal Initiative Project, San Sai district, Chiang Mai province. For this purpose, 45 systematic temporary plots were established and data on topographical conditions and soil properties were collected. The relationship among the collected data were analyzed using a generalized linear model, which were used in combination with an assessment of geographic information system to evaluate the habitat suitability of M. suavis. The results indicated that M. suavis distributed densely within the DDF. The number of seedlings was not significant different among plots, whereby the number of seedlings found in the study area was 361 individuals/ hectare. Of the 589.76 hectare (3,686 rai) under study, 388.76 hectare (2,429.75 rai) were found to be moderately suitable for M. suavis (65.95 % of total area), 116 hectare (725 rai) were classified as highly suitable (19.67 % of total area), and 85 hectare (532.25 rai) were slightly suitable for M. suavis distribution (14.41 % of total area). Environmental factors that were positively associated with M. suavis distribution consisted of sandy texture, extractable form of manganese (Mn) and extractable form of copper (Cu), while negatively associated factors were slope, distant from natural stream and soil pH. It was also observed that there was a positive trend for mature M. suavis to be associated with Quercus kerii or Wendlandia paniculate, both of which were the co-dominance tree species of the DDF. The results of this study can be applied to forest management and population restoration of M. suavis in the area based on habitat suitability.
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