Species Diversity and Seasonal Occurrence of Fruit Flies in Santol Orchards of Lop Buri Province


  • Taweesak Khwantrairong Thepsatri Rajabhat University
  • Atchara Klomyong Faculty of Science and Technology, Thepsatri Rajabhat University
  • Neeracha Oumsuk Faculty of Science and Technology, Thepsatri Rajabhat University
  • Onprapa Khongsunthon Sukthong Faculty of Science and Technology, Thepsatri Rajabhat University




Species diversity, seasonal occurrence, fruit fly, santol


     The objective of this research was to investigate species diversity and seasonal occurrence of fruit flies in santol orchards of Lop Buri province. The fruit flies were collected using 2 methods viz., 1) using traps and bait, and 2) collecting fruit fly infested santol fruits and incubating them in the laboratory. The traps captured 4 species namely, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), B. correcta (Bezzi), Zeugodacus cucurbitae (Coquillett), and Z. tau (Walker). The infested santol fruits yielded 2 fruit fly species, namely, B. dorsalis and B. correcta with infestation rates of 23.47±5.05 and 11.25±7.64 flies/kg, respectively. The mean number of captured fruit flies was highest in rainy season (527.60±28.94 flies/trap/week), followed by summer and cool season (499.47±31.60 and 343.78±25.20 flies/trap/week,) respectively. The number of captured fruit flies in rainy season and summer was not significantly different (p>0.05) but significantly higher than in cool season (p≤0.05). The highest captured species in all seasons was B. dorsalis which was significantly higher than the other species (p≤0.05).Results of this study showed that the fruit flies were widespread in all seasons with high prevalence in rainy season (during the fruiting period) and summer, B. dorsalis was the highest occurred species.


Download data is not yet available.


ทวีศักดิ์ ขวัญไตรรงค์. 2562. ความผันแปรทางฤดูกาลของแมลงวันผลไม้ Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) ในจังหวัดลพบุรี. แก่นเกษตร, 47(1): 909-916.

ทวีศักดิ์ ขวัญไตรรงค์ และพินิจนันท์ เนื่องจากอวล. 2559. ความหลากหลายทางชีวภาพของแมลงวันผลไม้ในภาคกลางของประเทศไทย. หน้า 637-643. ใน: รายงานการประชุมระดับชาติกลุ่มมหาวิทยาลัยราชภัฏศรีอยุธยา ครั้งที่ 7. 7-8 กรกฎาคม 2559 ณ มหาวิทยาลัยราชภัฏอยุธยา พระนครศรีอยุธยา.

ทวีศักดิ์ ขวัญไตรรงค์, สุนิสา เสระกิจ และอวลอุมา กลิ่นประทุม. 2558. ความหลากหลายทางชีวภาพของแมลงวันผลไม้ในจังหวัดลพบุรีและใกล้เคียง. หน้า 445-450. ใน: รายงานการประชุมระดับชาติกลุ่มมหาวิทยาลัยราชภัฏศรีอยุธยา ครั้งที่ 6. 23-24 กรกฎาคม 2558 ณ มหาวิทยาลัยราชภัฏเทพสตรี ลพบุรี.

มนตรี จิรสุรัตน์. 2544. แมลงวันผลไม้ในประเทศไทย. เอกสารวิชาการกองกีฏวิทยาและสัตววิทยา. กรมวิชาการเกษตร, กรุงเทพ. 244 หน้า.

รัตนา ปรมาคม. 2543. ความสำคัญของแมลงวันผลไม้ Bactrocera correcta ในการเข้าทำลายผลไม้ร่วมกับ Bactrocera dorsalis. วารสารเกษตรพระจอมเกล้า, 18(3): 21-29.

สำนักงานจังหวัดลพบุรี. 2563. กระท้อนลพบุรี. แหล่งข้อมูล: http://www.lopburi.org . สืบค้น:16 สิงหาคม 2563

Abro Z.A., N. Baloch, N.H. Khuhro, W.A. Qazi and N.A. Saeed. 2017. Population densities of melon fruit fly Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) in vegetables agro-ecosystem in district Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 33: 331-337.

Abro Z.A., N. Baloch, R.M. Memon , N.H. Khuhro and Q.A. Soomro. 2020. Population variations of fruit flies, Bactrocera spp. in mango orchards of Hyderabad and Larkana Sindh. Pure appl. Biol, 9: 949-955.

Alim M.A., M.A. Hossain, M. Khan, S.A. Khan, M.S. Islam and M. Khalequzzaman. Seasonal variations of melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae) in different agriculture habitats of Bangladesh. ARPN J. Agri. Biol. Sci. 7: 905-911.

Bansodeand G.M. and Z.P. Patel. 2018. Effect of weather parameters on population fluctuation of mango fruit flies, Bactrocera spp.,” Int. J. Chem. Stud. 6: 27-30.

Boopathi T., S.B. Singh, S.V. Ngachan, T. Manju, Y. Ramakrishna and L. Lalhruaipuii. Influence of weather factors on the incidence of fruit flies in chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) and their prediction model. Pest Manag. Hort. Ecosyst. 19: 194-198.

Chinajariyawong A., A.R. Clarke, M. Jirasurat, S. Kritsaneepiboon, H.A. Lahey, S. Vijaysegaran and G.H. Waiter. 2000. Survey of opine parasitoids of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Thailand and Malaysia. Raffles Bull. Zool. 48: 71-101.

Danjuma S., N. Thaochan, S. Permkam and C. Satasook. 2014. Effect of temperature on the development and survival of immature stages of the carambola fruit fly, Bactrocera carambolae, and the Asian papaya fruit fly, Bactrocera papayae, reared on guava diet. J. Insect Sci.14: 1-16.

Demirel N. 2016. Population density and damage ratios of Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae) on pomegranate orchards in Turkey. Entomology and Applied Science Letters, 3: 1-7.

Drew R.A.I. and M.C. Romig. 2013. Tropical fruit flies (Tephritidae: Dacinae) of South-East Asia: Indomalaya to North-West Australasia. CAB International, CPI Group (UK) Ltd., Croydon. 664 p.

El-Gendy I.R., K.A.A. Draz and M.A.M. El-Aw. 2012. Factors affecting the population density of peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders). Egyptian J. Agric. Res. 90: 799-807.

Fadlelmula A.A. and E.B.M. Ali. 2014. Fruit fly species, their distribution, host range and seasonal abundance in Blue Nile State, Sudan. Persian Gulf Crop Protection, 3: 17-24.

Ganie S.A., Z.H. Khan, R.A. Ahangar, H.A. Bhat and B. Hussain. 22013. Population dynamics, distribution, and species diversity of fruit flies on cucurbits in Kashmir Valley, India. J. Insect Sci. 13: 1-7.

Liquido N.J., E.J. Harris and L.A. Dekker. 1994. Ecology of Bactrocera latrifrons (Diptera: Tephritidae) populations: host plants, natural enemies, distribution and abundance. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 87: 71-84.

Mansour M. and F. Mohamad. 2016. Seasonal occurrence of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann, 1824) (Diptera: Tephritidae). Polish J. Entom. 85: 311-323.

Mouly R., T.N. Shivananda and A. Verghese. 2017. Prediction models for Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae) base on weather parameters in an organic mango orchard. J. Entomol. Zool. Stud. 5: 345-351.

Peng C., Y. Hui and L. Jianhong. 2006. Population dynamics of Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) and analysis of factors influencing the population in Ruili, Yunan Province, China. Acta Ecol. Sinica, 26: 2801-2809.

Said A.E., F. Asman and A. Nasruddin. 2017. Effect of sticky trap color and height on the capture of adult oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae) on chili pepper. Am. J. Agric. Biol. Sci. 12: 13-17.

Satarkar V.R., J.R. Faleiro, S.V. Krishnamurthy, R. Ramesh and A. Verghese. 2009. A review on behavior of Bactrocera fruit flies. Curr. Biotica, 3: 264-277.

Tan K.H. and M. Serit. 1994. Adult population dynamics of Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) in relation to host phenology and weather in two villages of Penang Island, Malaysia. Environ. Entomol. 23: 267-275.

Vargas R.I., J.D. Stark, M.H. Kido, H.M. Ketter and L.C. Whitehand. 2000. Methyl euglenol and cure-lure traps for suppression of male oriental fruit flies and melon flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Hawaii: effects of lure mixtures and weathering. J. Econ. Entomol. 93: 81-87.

Vargas, R.I., L. Leblanc, R. Putoa and J.C. Piñero. 2012. Population dynamic of three Bactrocera spp. fruit flies (Dipter: Tephritidae) and two introduced natural enemies, Fopius arisanus (Sonan) and Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), after an invastion by Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) in Tahiti. Biolog. Control. 60: 199-206.

Vayssieres J.F., A. Adandonon, A. Sinzogan and S. Korie. 2010. Diversity of fruit fly species (Diptera: Tephritidae) associated with citrus crops (Rutaceae) in southern Benin in 2008-2009. Int. J. Biol. Chem. Sci. 4: 1881-1897.

Vignesh R. and S. Viraktamath. 2015. Population dynamics of melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillet) on cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Karnataka J. Agric. Sci. 28(4): 528-530.

White I.M. and M.M. Elson-Harris. 1992. Fruit Flies of Economic Significance: Their Identification and Bionomics. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 600 p.



How to Cite

Khwantrairong, T., Klomyong, A. ., Oumsuk, N. ., & Khongsunthon Sukthong, O. . (2021). Species Diversity and Seasonal Occurrence of Fruit Flies in Santol Orchards of Lop Buri Province. Thai Agricultural Research Journal, 39(1). https://doi.org/10.14456/thaidoa-agres.2021.6



Technical or research paper