Species Diversity and Seasonal Occurrence of Fruit Flies in Santol Orchards of Lop Buri Province

Authors

  • Taweesak Khwantrairong Thepsatri Rajabhat University
  • Atchara Klomyong Faculty of Science and Technology, Thepsatri Rajabhat University
  • Neeracha Oumsuk Faculty of Science and Technology, Thepsatri Rajabhat University
  • Onprapa Khongsunthon Sukthong Faculty of Science and Technology, Thepsatri Rajabhat University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14456/thaidoa-agres.2021.6

Keywords:

Species diversity, seasonal occurrence, fruit fly, santol

Abstract

     The objective of this research was to investigate species diversity and seasonal occurrence of fruit flies in santol orchards of Lop Buri province. The fruit flies were collected using 2 methods viz., 1) using traps and bait, and 2) collecting fruit fly infested santol fruits and incubating them in the laboratory. The traps captured 4 species namely, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), B. correcta (Bezzi), Zeugodacus cucurbitae (Coquillett), and Z. tau (Walker). The infested santol fruits yielded 2 fruit fly species, namely, B. dorsalis and B. correcta with infestation rates of 23.47±5.05 and 11.25±7.64 flies/kg, respectively. The mean number of captured fruit flies was highest in rainy season (527.60±28.94 flies/trap/week), followed by summer and cool season (499.47±31.60 and 343.78±25.20 flies/trap/week,) respectively. The number of captured fruit flies in rainy season and summer was not significantly different (p>0.05) but significantly higher than in cool season (p≤0.05). The highest captured species in all seasons was B. dorsalis which was significantly higher than the other species (p≤0.05).Results of this study showed that the fruit flies were widespread in all seasons with high prevalence in rainy season (during the fruiting period) and summer, B. dorsalis was the highest occurred species.

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References

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Published

2021-02-11

How to Cite

Khwantrairong, T., Klomyong, A. ., Oumsuk, N. ., & Khongsunthon Sukthong, O. . (2021). Species Diversity and Seasonal Occurrence of Fruit Flies in Santol Orchards of Lop Buri Province. Thai Agricultural Research Journal, 39(1). https://doi.org/10.14456/thaidoa-agres.2021.6

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Section

Technical or research paper