• Prisna Pianjing Assist. Prof. Dr.
  • Panitpicha Punyakham นักศึกษาหลักสูตรสาธารณสุขชุมชน วิทยาลัยสหเวชศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยราชภัฏสวนสุนันทา
  • Wipawinee Prapreud นักศึกษาหลักสูตรสาธารณสุขชุมชน วิทยาลัยสหเวชศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยราชภัฏสวนสุนันทา
  • Nustha Kitprathaung Program of Aesthetic Health Science, College of Allied Health Science, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University
  • Phumin Phromsat นักศึกษาหลักสูตรวิทยาศาสตร์สุขภาพและความงาม วิทยาลัยสหเวชศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยราชภัฏสวนสุนันทา
  • Jarunee Wites


Development, Product, Charcoal, Odor absorber, Nipa palm fruit


This research aimed to produce charcoal lumps from nipa palm fruit wastes for use within households and developed into odor absorbed products. The whole and half cut-nipa palm fruits were burned in an artificial charcoal kiln. The weight of nipa palm fruit charcoal after burning was lost by 50-60%, glossy surface, and perfect shape. Then, these charcoal lumps were investigated the chemical properties and heat values. It was found that the heat value of charcoal lumps was 5,883 calories/gram, fixed carbon content was 60.40%, and ash content was 18.37%. After that, the nipa palm fruit charcoal lumps were developed into 2 types of odor absorbed charcoal products.  The whole-nipa palm fruit charcoal lumps were packed in the net bag as an odor absorbed charcoal bag. The half-cut nipa palm fruit charcoal lumps were ground and molded to an odor absorbed charcoal briquette by using tapioca starch as a binding agent. Both odor absorbed charcoal products were estimated for satisfaction by 30 volunteers. The results showed that the volunteers were satisfied with the appearance of both products at the highest level but satisfied with the durability of both products was the lowest level because easily broke out of charcoal products. This research shows that the nipa palm fruit wastes have the potential to be produced into charcoal lumps for use as fuel within households and as odor absorbed products.


Boonkong, S. (2021). Development of Yogurt with Nypa fruticans in syrup. Pranakhon Rajabhat Reserch journal : Science and technology, 16 (2), 1-11. (In Thai).

Cheablam, O., & Chanklap, B. (2020). Sustainable Nipa Palm (Nypa fruticans Wurmb.) Product Utilization in Thailand. Scientifica, 2020, 1-20.

Joshi, L., Kanagaratnam, U., & Adhuri, D. (2008). Nypa fruticans– useful but forgotten in mangrove reforestation – useful but forgotten in mangrove reforestation programs?. Retrieved [2023,02 Mar.]

Klumjit, N. (2022, 10 Dec). Interview : Utilization of Nipa palm in Bangjakreang subdistrict. Subdistric headman of Bangjakreang subdistrict, Amphur meung, Samutsonkhram province. (In Thai).

Kunyakam, S. (2018). Production and optimal ratio of charcoal briquette from cassava rhizome using design of experiment technique. (The research final report). Department of engineering management, Faculty of engineering Rajabhat MahaSarakham University, MahaSarakham. (In Thai)

Kongkeaw, P., Inthalit, P., Aumphophanarak, P., Songkong, S., & Kerdwon, S. (2008). The Charcoal production from mangosteen peel and mangosteen fruit for charcoal of water filter and moisture and odor sucker. (The research final report of the grant of Rajamangala university of technology Srivijaya). Songkhla, Thailand : Rajamangala university of technology Srivijaya Songkhla. (In Thai).

Maliwan, S., Sarana, U., & Yusukworakul, D. (2015). Charcoal briquettes production from agricultural residues by using durian and nipa palm peel mixtures. (Bachelor dissertation). Rajamangala university of technology Phranakhon, Bangkok. (In Thai).

Prachpreecha, O., Prachpreecha, T., & Vongchavalitkul, S. (2018). Study on Characteristic of activated carbon prepared from tea residue and utilization of wastewater treatment. Phranakhon Rajabhat Research Journal: Science and Technology, 13(2), 146-166. (In Thai).

Rattanathavorn, T., & Jittiwasurat, P. (2018). The process of producing biomass charcoal from agricultural residence using local rubber planters’ method: A case study of taveepol agricultural group in Namom, Songkhla. Journal of Agricultural Research and Extension, 35(2), 44-54. (In Thai).

Sangwalpetch, N. (2019). The study of wood charcoal for design odor absorbing tiles. In Heuer, K., Kerdpitak, C., Mahalik, N.P., Barrett, B. & Nadda, V (Eds), The 2019 International Academic Multidiscipline Research Conference in Brussels. pp 65 – 70, 4-6 November, 2019, Brussels. Belgium. (In Thai).

Thonglem, S., Khamweera, P., & Lahpun, N. (2023). Production of porous ceramics from soda-lime glass for collecting and releasing essential oils. Phranakhon Rajabhat Research Journal: Science and Technology, 18(1), 55-68. (In Thai).

Torsakul, S. Thongsri, K., & Supharattana, C. (2012). Development of Charcoal Briquette from Scrapped Coconut for Alternative Energy In Ketsarapong, S (Ed), IE network conference 2012. pp 1381-1386. 17-19 October, 2012, Phet-chaburi. Thailand. (In Thai).

Yoddamnern, T., & Yotwinyuwong, S. (2020). Development of charcoal briquette from the cane leaves and the bagasse to community enterprise. Journal of Energy and Environment Technology, 7(2), 12-24. (In Thai).





บทความวิจัย (Research Article)