Factors Influencing Eating and Taking Iron Supplement Behaviors for Anemia Prevention in Pregnant Women

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Waenureeyah Waeberaheng
Warangkana Chatchawet
Sureeporn Kritcharoen

Abstract

This predictive research on anemia prevention in pregnant women aimed to: 1) study level of eating and taking iron supplement behaviors, and 2) identify factors for prediction of perceived risk of anemia, perceivedseverityofanemia,perceivedbenefitofanemiaprevention,perceivedbarrierstoanemiapreventive
behavior, and knowledge about anemia among pregnant women. The sample consisted of 150 pregnant
women who were receiving care at the Antenatal Care Clinic of the Regional Health Promotion Center 12
in Yala. The research instrument consisted of 7 questionnaires: 1) general information, 2) perceived risk of
anemia pregnancy, 3) perceived severity of anemia pregnancy, 4) perceived benefit of anemia prevention,
5) perceived barriers to anemia preventive behavior, 6) knowledge about anemia, and 7) eating and taking
iron supplement behaviors for anemia prevention. Content validity of questionnaires was approved by
three experts. Reliability of questionnaires number 2-5 and 7 was tested using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient,
yielding values of 0.81, 0.81, 0.82, 0.87 and 0.89, respectively. The reliability of knowledge of anemia
questionnaire was tested using Kuder-Richardson (KR-20), with a given value of 0.77. Data were analyzed
using percentage, mean and standard deviation. Predictability was analyzed using multiple regression.
     Result showed that the overall level of eating and taking iron supplement behaviors for anemia
prevention in pregnant women was at a good level (M = 64.63, S.D. = 7.23). Regression modeling showed
that perceived barriers for anemia preventive behavior and knowledge of anemia could predict 29 percent of
the variation (Adjusted R2 = .29, p < .001). The result of this study could be data-based for improving model
of promoting eating and taking iron supplement behaviors for anemia prevention in pregnant women.

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บทความวิจัย

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