Effects of the Experiential Learning in Action Research Process Program of Nurse Instructors on Their Self-perception of Teaching Behaviors Enhancing Nursing Students’ Cultural Competencies
Effects of the promoting learning through action research program on teaching cultural competence in nursing students
The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to explore effects of using the experiential learning in action research program of nurse instructors on their self-perception of teaching behaviors enhancing students' cultural competencies. The experimental group was 30 nurse instructors from Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Phra Phutthabat who participated in the experiential learning program. The comparison group was 24 nurse instructors from a nursing college which taught the same curriculum as the experimental group. The comparison group received the standard teaching method from the college. The research instruments comprised of the experiential learning program and the self-perception of teaching behaviors enhancing students’ cultural competencies questionnaire composing of 4 dimensions including 1) cultural knowledge, 2) cultural skill, 3) culturally sensitive-model, and 4) cultural encounter. Cronbach’s coefficient was .83. Data was analyzed by using mean, standard deviation, and independents t-test.
The results showed that the total mean score of self - perception of behaviors of the experimental group was significantly higher than the comparison group (P <.01). Considering each dimension, it was found that the mean score of cultural skills and cultural encounter of the experimental group was significantly higher than the comparison group (P <.05, P <.01, respectively). The research results suggested that the learning program could develop self-perception of teaching behaviors among teachers. Therefore, this program should be used in many courses of nursing practical studies.
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