Development of Collaboration Model for Promoting Participation in Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) Prevention of Community Leaders
This developmental research aimed to investigate factors influencing community leaders to participate in DHF prevention, to develop collaboration model and to determine effectiveness of collaboration model for promoting participation in DHF prevention of community leaders of Singhanokhon district, Songkhla province. The research was implemented with 3 phases. Phase 1 was to study factors influencing participation in DHF prevention. A total of 85 community leaders of Singhanokhon district, Songkhla province were selected by stratified random sampling. Data were collected with a questionnaire, which had Cronbach alpha coefficient of .856, and were analysed using multiple regression. Phase 2 was to develop and draft a model based on literature review and the first phase results, then validated by a panel of experts. The data were analysed using percentage. Phase 3 was to study the model’s effectiveness. A total of 68 community leaders were recruited from sub-districts with purposive sampling. The tools used were collaboration model and a participation questionnaire. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and paired t-test. Results revealed as follows:
1. The collaboration factors influencing community leaders to participate in DHF prevention had shown statistically significant at .001 (p = .001) with 51.0% (adj.R2 = .510, p < .001).
2. The collaboration model for promoting participation in DHF prevention of community leaders of Singhanokhon district, Songkhla province included 1) mutual encounter and acceptance of problems, 2) mutual sharing vision, setting goals, planning and implementing, 3) managing an effective coordination system and 4) achieving mutual outcomes.
3. After applying the collaboration model, it was found that the community leaders of Singhanokhon district, Songkhla province had significantly higher mean score of participation in DHF prevention than that of before ( x=3.80, SD= 0.65) vs ( x=2.79, SD= 0.71) (p=.001).
Therefore, this collaboration model should be used for planning on solving problems and establishing sustainable prevention and control of DHF through collaboration of all sectors.
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