Factors Related to Anemia among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic in Yala Province
This descriptive research aimed to investigate relationship among personal factors, obstetric history, knowledge about anemia and anemia of pregnant women, and to compare knowledge about anemia between anemia pregnant women and non-anemia pregnant women. The sample were 190 pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at Health Promotion Hospital, Health Promotion Center Number 1 in Yala province from February to August 2019. A convenience sampling with inclusion criteria was applied. Demographic data recording, obstetric history recording and knowledge about anemia were used to collect data. The content validity of the knowledge about anemia was between 0.67 and 1.00 based on IOC which was verified by three experts. The reliability was 0.7 based on KR-20. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, Chi-square test, Crammer’s Contingency Coefficient and t-test.
The findings revealed that anemia in previous pregnancy, inadequate intake of iron supplement, and gravidity were statistically significantly related to anemia (.275, .200, and .141, respectively) at p .001, .005, and .05, respectively. Age, level of education, income, menstruation period, thalassemia carrier, interpregnancy interval, initiation of antenatal care, adequate antenatal care visit, and knowledge about anemia were not related to anemia. Knowledge about anemia between anemia pregnant women and non-anemia pregnant women was not different. The results of this study can be used as basic information to develop care model for anemia pregnant women.
pregnant women in an urban area of Eastern Ethiopia. Hindawi Publishing
Corporation: Anemia, ID 561567. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1155
Chantanamongkol, K. (2016). Nursing Care of Pregnant Women with Disease. Pathum Thani:
Rungsit University Publishing. (in Thai)
HDC Yala, (2020). Anemia in Pregnant Women. Retrieved from https://yla.hdc.moph.go.th
Jinawan, M. (2013). Factors Related to Anemia in Pregnant Women Attending Bueng Boon
Hospital 2556 B.E. Retrieved from http://220.127.116.11/ssko_presents/files_
_presents/3331100041666-13-2906.doc (in Thai)
Kaljarueg, P. (2019). Anemia among Pregnant Women at U-Thong Community
Hospital, U-Thong District, Suphanburi Province. Nursing Journal of the Ministry of Public Health [Internet]. 27Apr.2017 [cited 16Sep.2019]; 27(1): 22-33. Retrieve from https://www.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tnaph/article/view/84954 (in Thai)
Kitila, K. T., Tulu, B. L., Bedaso, D. G., Negwo, D. T., & Gemeda, M. N. (2018). Prevalence
of anemia and associated factors among pregnant women attending antenatal care in selected health centers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Journal of Women’s Health Care. 7(4), 1-7. DOI: 10.4172/2167-0420.1000443
Klangkarn, S., & Promsatayaprot, V. (2010). Principles of Health Science Research. (6th ed.).
Mahasarakam: Faculty of Public Health Mahasarakam University. (in Thai)
Musoor, Y. (2008). Health Beliefs and Socio-cultural Context in Relationship to Self-care of
Anemia Pregnant Women in Narathiwat Province. Master of Public Health Thesis, Chiang Mai University. (in Thai)
Pinchaleaw, D. (2017). Nurses and management of iron deficiency anemia in pregnant
women. Journal of the Police Nurses, 9(2): 195-202. (in Thai)
Pooluea, C. (2016). The prevalence and associated factors of anemia in pregnancy in Phra
Nakorn Si Ayutthaya Hospital, Phra Nakorn Si Ayutthaya Province. Journal of Preventive Medicine Association of Thailand, 6(1): 15-26. (in Thai)
Rongsak, S., Poolpat, P., & Rukkiat, M. (2017). Anemia in pregnant women at
Nopparatrajathanee Hospital. Journal of Nursing and Health Care, 35(3), 39-47.
Sookdee, J., & Wanaratwichit, C. (2016). Factors affecting iron deficiency anemia among
pregnant women receiving antenatal care at sub-districts health promoting hospital. Journal of Health Science Research, 10(1): 1-7. (in Thai)
Sukkai, C. (2012). Factors Related to Anemia among Pregnant Women in Khaopanom
District, Krabi Province. Master of public health thesis, Khon Kaen University.
Tana, C., & Wanapirak, C. (2017). Anemia among Pregnant Women. Retrieve from
372:2017-10-25-02-02-51&catid=45&Itemid=561 (in Thai)
Tangsuwansopin, P., Sanchaisuriya, K., Chaitripop, C., Sanchaisuriya, P., Yamsri, S.,
Fuchareon, G., & Fuchareon, S. (2014). Anemia, iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia among female university students in Khon Kaen Province: Relationship to menstruation. Journal of Medical Technology and Physical Therapy, 26(3): 245-254.
Waeberaheng. W. (2017). Factors Influencing Eating and Taking Iron Supplement
Behaviors for Anemia Pregnant Women. Master’s Thesis, Faculty of Nursing, Prince of Songkla University. (In Thai)
Wongratana, C. (2018). Technique of Using Statistics for Research. (13rd ed.). Bangkok:
Chulalongkorn University Printing House. (In Thai)
Yamane, T. (1973). Statistics: An Introduction Analysis. (2nd ed.). New York: Harper & Row.
Copyright (c) 2021 Princess of Naradhiwas University Journal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.