Predicting Factors of Psychosocial on Academic Burnout among Nursing Students in Praboromarajchanok Institute during COVID-19 Pandemic


  • Adchara Khammathit
  • Kittiporn Nawsuwan -


Coronavirus 2019, Nursing students, Stress, Depression, Academic burnout


The cross-sectional study aimed to determine the psychosocial factors related to academic burnout among nursing students of Praboromarajchanok Institute during the COVID-19 pandemic. Data was collected from September to October 2021. 480 nursing students from year 1-4 of Praboromarajchanok Institute, academic year 2021, were recruited as the participants. The tools used included demographic data questionnaire, COVID-19 Anxiety Scale (CAS), Fear of COVID-19 (FCV-19S) and Stress test-5 (ST-5), the Patient Health Questionnaire for Adolescents (PHQ-A) and Oldenburg Burnout Inventory for college student (OLBI-S). The Index of Item-Objective Congruence (IOC) was between .67 – 1.00, and Cronbach's Alpha Coefficient were 0.898, 0.875, 0.856, 0.868 and 0.844, respectively. Descriptive analysis and multiple regression were used for data analysis
The results revealed that the majority of participants had a normal score of COVID-19 Anxiety Scale (95.63%), and the Fear of COVID-19 was at a low level (85%). The low level of stress was commonly found (61.67%).The participants showed an early stage of depression ranged from mild to severe depression (51.03%). However, academic burnout (score of = 39.03, SD = 6.05) was found in the participants with the high levels of both disengagement and exhaustion dimension (78.54%) and (79.58%), respectively.
Regarding psychosocial variables, stress (β = .387) and depression (β = .212) were positively affected on academic burnout at .001, F= 115.68, p< .001. Together, the independent variables accounted for 32.4 % (Adj.R2 = .324) of the variance in overall of academic burnout.
This preliminary results in regards to psychological distress, affecting academic burnout among nursing students during COVID-19 pandemic should be taken into account and used for potential plan to prevent mental health disturbance in students in order to enhance their academic achievement.


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Khammathit อ., & Nawsuwan, K. (2022). Predicting Factors of Psychosocial on Academic Burnout among Nursing Students in Praboromarajchanok Institute during COVID-19 Pandemic. Princess of Naradhiwas University Journal, 14(2), 56–76. Retrieved from