Development of Learning Outcomes of Nursing Students by using the Flipped Classroom in Research and Innovation Subject


  • Doungnetre Thummakul -
  • Rungnapa Pongkiachai


learning outcome, flipped classroom, research and innovation subject


The quasi-experimental research aimed to study the learning outcomes of students and compare before and after using the flipped classrooms. The experimental group consisted of 99 volunteers in 3rd-year nursing who enrolled in research and innovation subjects in the Faculty of Nursing, Suan Dusit University. The experimental instrument in this study is the flipped classroom. The data collection tools consist of learning outcomes assessment and interview questionnaires to assess teaching and learning. The validity of the content was verified by three experts. The consistency of this tool was 1.00, 0.67-1.00, and 0.67-1.00, respectively. The reliability of the learning outcome instrument was 0.90. The data analysis was descriptive and referenced statistics. Before participating in the flipped classroom, the results showed the learning outcomes each aspect; ethics and morals, knowledge, cognitive skills, interpersonal and responsible skills, numerical analysis, communication and information technology skills, and overall learning outcomes were high (Mean= 3.94, 3.64, 3.73, 3.97, 3.69, and 91.33, SD = 0.47, 0.58, 0.50, 0.47, 0.55 and 10.13, respectively). After using the flipped classroom, the results showed that overall and each aspect of the learning outcome was higher than before (Mean= 4.57, 4.33, 4.35, 4.53, 4.39, and 106.73, SD = 0.29, 0.36, 0.36, 0.40, 0.35, and 6.20, respectively). The mean of learning outcome scores after the study was significantly higher than before the study (p<.01). The results of this research indicate that flipped classroom helps students increase their effective learning outcomes. Therefore, the flipped classroom can be used for learners’ development in higher education properly and appropriately.


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How to Cite

Thummakul ด., & Pongkiachai ร. (2022). Development of Learning Outcomes of Nursing Students by using the Flipped Classroom in Research and Innovation Subject. Princess of Naradhiwas University Journal, 14(2), 193–214. Retrieved from