Kittiporn Nawsuwan

The Development of a Covid - 19 Surveillance with Network Participation Model for Thai People in State Quarantine after Returning by Land at the Thai-Malaysian Border


  • Kornurai Baitayeb
  • Kittiporn Nawsuwan -
  • Noppcha Singweratham
  • Bungorn BoonSrichan


Covid-19, Participation, State Quarantine, Thai-Malaysian Border


This research and development aimed to: 1) study the operational situation and   participation in Covid-19 Surveillance networks, 2) develop a network participatory model for Covid-19 surveillance and state quarantine, 3) study the effectiveness of the model. The study was conducted between February 2021 and January 2022, including 4 steps as follows. Step 1 was the situation analysis on the operating situation and participation of the networks. Step 2 was the model development. Step 3 was the model experimentation so to study its effectiveness. The sample was 45 participants from networks. Step 4 was a study of the key success factors of the operation from the networks. Quantitative data and qualitative data were collected. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, one-sample t-test, and content analysis. The results showed as follows.

  1. 1. The participation of the networks in Covid-19 surveillance in Sadao District of Songkhla Province was at a low level in all aspects.
  2. The participation of network partners model in State Quarantine was SADAO Care Model, consisting of 1) Strategy 2) Solidarity) 3) Association4) Assignment 5) Doing 6) Development 7) Assessment 8) Allocation and Benefits 9) Our Best Teamwork and 10) Overcoming Power of Unity.
  3. 3. After using the model, an overall mean score of the participation was more than 3.50, with statistical significance at the .001 level.
  4. 4. The top three key success factors were providing friendly and caring service, effective coordination of agencies in all sectors as well as the readiness of medical personnel and hotel employees.

The model should be used to set policies, strategies, and action plans for other Covid-19 surveillance and control in the next wave or other emerging diseases, so to strengthen the organization and surveillance networks.


Barisri, J., Paladech, J., Muriganon, P., Pankalasin, R., & Paladech, S. (2021). People Participation in the Prevention of COVID -2019 (COVID-2019) Kohkaew Sub-District, Selaphum District, Roiet Province. Journal of Legal Entity Management and Local Innovation, 7(2), 34 - 35.

Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. (2nd). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.

Cohen, J.M., & Uphoff, N.T. (1981). Rural Development Participation: Concept and Measure for Project Design Implementation and Evaluation: Rural Development Committee Center for international Studies. New York: Cornell University Press.

Crabtree, B. F. & Miller, W. L. (1992). Doing Qualitative Research. London: SAGE Publications.

Department of Disease Control. (2020). Guidelines for integrated management of State Quarantine areas. Retrieved January 11, 2021 from

Department of Disease Control. (2021). PUI criteria define suspected cases of COVID-19 infection who meet the criteria for disease investigation (Patient Under Investigation: PUI) 29 January 2021. Retrieved January 10, 2021 from g_srrt_290164.pdf.

Faul, F., Erdfelder, E., Lang, A.G., & Buchner, A. (2007). G*Power 3: A flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behavior Research Methods, 39(2), 175 - 191.

Kamolsiriwat, S., & Povatong, B. (2021). Adaptation Strategies to COVID-19 on The SHA Standard Hotels of Entrepreneurs in Bangkok Metropolitan Area in 2020. Sarasatr academic Journal. 4(3), 650 - 663.

Ketdao, R, Thiengtrongdee, R, & Thoin, P. (2021). Development of Covid-19 Surveillance Prevention and Control Model Health Promoting Hospital in Sub-district Level, Udonthani Province - Udon Model COVID-19. Journal of Health Science, 30(1), 53 - 61.

Khongsai, L, Anal, T.S., Rapheileng A.S., Tomba S.K., Shah, K., & Pandey, D. (2021). Combating the Spread of COVID-19 Through Community Participation. Glob Soc Welf, 8, 127 – 132.

Kiatjaturong, B. (2021). The Development of Network Participation Model to Corona Virus Disease 2019 Prevention, and Control in Muang Yang District, Nakhon Ratchasima Province. Journal of Khon Kaen Provincial Health Office. 3(2), 193 - 206.

Manmana, S., Iamsirithaworn, S., & Uttayamakul, S., (2020). Coronavirus Disease-19 (COVID-19). Journal of Bamrasnaradura Infectious Diseases Institute, 14(2), E1 - E10.

Ministry of Public Health (2020). Guidance for Integrated Management of State Quarantine Facilities. Retrieved July 23, 2022 from /guidelines/ g_guarantine_190620 new.pdf

National Conference of State Legislatures (2021). State Quarantine and Isolation Statutes. Retrieved July 23, 2022 from

Nawsuwan, K., Singweratham, N., & Thepaksorn, P. (2020). Compositions and Indicators for Successful Implementation of Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) in the Community of Village Health Volunteers (VHVs) in Thailand. The Southern College Network Journal of Nursing and Public Health, 7(2), 1 - 5.

Pantic, M., Cilliers, J., Cimadomo, G., Montaño, F., Olufemi, O., Torres, M.S., & van, B.J. (2021). ZXChallenges and Opportunities for Public Participation in Urban and Regional Planning during the COVID-19 Pandemic—Lessons Learned for the Future. Land, 10(12), 1379.

Parmet, E.W., & Sinha, S.M. (2020). Covid - 19 The Law and Limits of Quarantine. The New England Journal of Medicine, 382, e28.

Phuribancha, P., Mongkonsin, C., & Jungphukiaw, P. (2022). Development of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Surveillance, Prevention and Control Using Bubble and Seal Model in Factory, Maha Sarakham Province. Thailand Journal of Health Science, 31(1), 48 - 62.

Ratchathawan, R., Kaewkrajok, T., Jongkatekit, W., Phromkaew, P., Sumdangsan, D., & Thonglert, D. (2021). The Community Participation Process in Well-being Development. Journal of Southern Technology. 11(1), 231 - 238.

Rodchanaarcha, R., Nawsuwan, K., & Singweratham, N. (2022). Developing a Care Model for Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Hospitel of Thai-Malaysian Border, Managed by the Inpatient Department of Sadao Hospital, Songkhla Province. Princess of Naradhiwas University Journal, 14(1), 134 - 156.

Sadao District Public Health Office, Songkhla Province. (2021). COVID-19 Situation of Sadao District, Songkhla Province. Retrieved December 31, 2021 from /dashboard.php?

Songkhla Provincial Public Health Office. (2021). HDC database, Songkhla province. Retrieved December 31, 2021 from

Wongratana, C. (2010). Techniques for using statistics for research 12th Ed. Nontaburi: Thainiramitkij Infographic.

World Health Organization. (2020). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Report – 71. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Xiang, K., Huang, W.J., Gao, F., & Lai, Q. (2022). COVID-19 prevention in hotels: Ritualized host-guest interactions, Annals of Tourism Research, 9(3), 93. DOI: 10.1016/j.annals.2022.103376




How to Cite

Baitayeb, K., Nawsuwan, K., Singweratham, N., & BoonSrichan, B. (2024). Kittiporn Nawsuwan: The Development of a Covid - 19 Surveillance with Network Participation Model for Thai People in State Quarantine after Returning by Land at the Thai-Malaysian Border. Princess of Naradhiwas University Journal, 16(1), 222–244. Retrieved from