Catalytic Study of KMnO4-Zeolite 13X Catalyst for the Synthesis of Glycerol Carbonate from Carbonylation of Glycerol and Urea

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Thanaphron Laphrom
Panthita Janpa
Pesak Rungrojchaipon


This research aims to study KMnO4 loaded on zeolite 13X catalyst synthesized by impregnation for the synthesis of glycerol carbonate from the carbonylation of glycerol and urea by using microwave technique.  The catalyst characteristics were determined by FTIR, XRD, and BET.  The comparison of the non-catalytic and catalytic using KMnO4-Zeolite 13X as catalysts were studied at concentrations of 10% and 20% by weight per volume in various amounts.  The conversion of glycerol, selectivity of glycerol carbonate and yield of glycerol carbonate were determined.  The optimum conditions were studied by using a microwave with a power of 130 watts, reaction time of 80 minutes, using 20% w/v of KMnO4-Zeolite 13X catalyst at the amount 2% of glycerol weight. The conversion of glycerol, selectivity and yield of glycerol carbonate were 74.10%, 60.76%, and 45.02%, respectively.


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Laphrom, T., Janpa, P., & Rungrojchaipon, P. (2021). Catalytic Study of KMnO4-Zeolite 13X Catalyst for the Synthesis of Glycerol Carbonate from Carbonylation of Glycerol and Urea. Journal of Science Ladkrabang, 30(1), 69-80. Retrieved from
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