Community Participation Model of Health Promotion for the Elderly in Bangphlat District, Bangkok Metropolis
Keywords:Community Participation Model, Health Promotion, Elderly
This community based, mixed method research consisted of a quantitative study
to explore health promotion lifestyle of the ageing. 330 elderly, obtained by proportional
stratified sampling, were recruited as the sample group. The data was collected by the 52-
item questionnaire and was analyzed by mean and standard deviation. To develop the
Community Participation Model of Health Promotion for the Elderly in Bangphlat District,
Bangkok Metropolis, a qualitative study was conducted with 15 key informants who, by
purposive inclusion, were the elderly in the community. Content analysis was employed
to analyze data from enhancing engagement workshop meetings.
The results revealed that behaviors that developed as health promotion lifestyles
of the elderly were spiritual growth, stress management and interpersonal relationships.
These health responsibility and nutrition behaviors happened often, but physical activity
behavior only happened sometimes. The Community Participation Model of Health
Promotion for the Elderly in Bangphlat District, Bangkok Metropolis consisted of: 1) raising
community potentials in health promotion care 2) health promotion services and health
risks screening 3) knowledge management on health promotion in community and 4)
building the capacity of the elderly to be actively ageing. This model can be applied in
other communities beyond this context.