Assessment of Carbon Dioxide Captured in Producer Biomass and Its Influencing Factors in a Tropical Freshwater Reservoir

Authors

  • Bhanupong Phrommarat Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Science, Silpakorn University
  • Dirakrit Buawech Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Science, Silpakorn University

Keywords:

Tropical Reservoir, Primary Production, CO2 Absorption, Trophic State

Abstract

Since the impact of global warming and climate change due to emissions of greenhouse gas is increasingly serious, freshwater aquatic ecosystems are considered to be one of the most important natural carbon sinks. The key process of the carbon cycle and energy flow in the system is photosynthesis where CO2 is fixed to produce organic compounds by aquatic producers or phytoplankton. The concept of net primary productivity (NPP) is generally used to describe the net amount of energy and CO 2 stored in producer biomass. Nonetheless, phytoplankton primary production depends directly on various physicochemical as well as biological factors. This study investigated the variation of NPP to estimate CO2 absorption in relation to the influence of physicochemical parameters in tropical freshwater ecosystems by using Srakaew reservoir as a case study. Water samples were collected in three consecutive seasons during September 2018 to April 2019. The results revealed that CO 2 captured by phytoplankton in the reservoir to produce their biomass or NPP range from 350 to 5,777 mg m-2 day-1 (mean = 2,813 mg m-2 day-1). CO2 absorption displayed a significant linear relationship with light intensity and water temperature. Seasonal variation can affect NPP and CO2 absorption. In the hot season, NPP and CO2 absorption in the water were significantly higher than the cool season while there was no significant difference in the rainy season compared with the other seasons. According to the trophic state assessment, Srakaew reservoir was classified as eutrophic and hypereutrophic due to its low Secchi transparency coupled with high nutrient levels in the water.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alberta Environmenta. (2006). Aquatic ecosystems field sampling protocol. Edmonton: Alberta Environment.

Ask, J., Karlsson, J., Persson, L., Ask, P., Byström, P., & Jansson, M., 2009, Terrestrial organic matter and light penetration: effects on bacterial and primary production in lakes. Limnol. Oceanogr., 54, 2034-2040.

Baruah, P.P. (2003). Primary productivity status of a reclaimed ox-bow beel of middle assam. Geobios, 30(1), 49-52.

Bhola, V., Swalaha, F., Kumar, R.R., Singh, M., & Bux, F. (2014). Overview of the potential of microalgae for CO 2 sequestration. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 11, 2103-2118.

Borges, A.V., Darchambeau, F., Teodoru, C.R., Marwick, T.R., Tamooh, F., Geeraert, N., ... Okuku, E. (2015). Globally significant greenhouse-gas emissions from African inland waters. Nat Geosci., 8(8), 637-642.

Carlson, R.E. (1992). Expanding the trophic state concept to identify non-nutrient limited lakes and reservoirs. In Proceedings of a National Conference on Enhancing the States’ Lake Management Programs. Monitoring and Lake Impact Assessment (pp.59-71). Chicago, Ill: Northeastern Illinois Planning Commission.

Carlson, R.E., & Simpson, J. (1996). A coordinator’s guide to volunteer lake monitoring methods. Madison (WI): North American Lake Management Society.

Chaudhuri, K., Manna, S., Sarma, K.S., Naskar, P., Bhattachryya, S., & Bhattacharyya, M. (2012). Physicochemical and biological factors controlling water column metabolism in Sundarbans estuary, India. Aquat. Biosyst., 8(26), 1-16.

Costa, J.A.V., Linde, G.A., & Atala, D.I.P. (2000). Modelling of growth conditions for cyanobacterium Spirulina pletensis in microcosm. World J.Microbiol. Biotechnol., 16, 15-18.

Clifford, C.C., & Heffernan, J.B. (2018). Artificial aquatic ecosystems. Water, 10, 1-30.

Guildford, S.J., & Hecky, R.E. (2000). Total nitrogen, total phosphorus and nutrient limitation in lakes and oceans: is there a common relationship. Limnol. Oceanogr., 45(6), 1213-1223.

Guildford, S.J., Bootsma, H.A., Taylor, W.D., & Hecky, R.E. (2007). High variability of phytoplankton photosynthesis in response to environmental forcing in oligotrophic Lake Malawi/Nyasa. J. Great Lakes Res., 33(1), 170-185.

Heathwaite, L., Haygarth, P., Matthews, R., Preedy, N., & Butler, P. (2005). Evaluating colloidal phosphoru delivery to surface waters from diffuse agricultural sources. J. Environ. Qual., 34(1), 287-298.

Holtgrieve, G.W., Arias, M.E., Irvine, K.N., Lamberts, D., Ward, E.J., Kummu, M., ... Richey, J.E. (2013). Patterns of ecosystem metabolism in the Tonle Sap Lake, Cambodia with links to capture fisheries. PLoS One, 8(8), 1-11.

Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change (IPCC). (2014). Climate Change 2014 Synthesis Report Summary for Policymakers. Geneva: IPCC.

Khoo, H.H., Sharratt, P.N., Das, P., Balasubramanian, R.K., Naraharisetti, P.K., & Shaik, S. (2011). Life cycle energy and CO2 analysis of microalgae-to-biodiesel: preliminary results and comparisons. Bioresour. Technol., 102, 5800-5807.

Kuehl, L., & Troelstrup Jr, N.H. (2013). Relationships between net primary production, water transparency, chlorophyll a, and total phosphorus in Oak Lake, Brookings county, South Dakota. In Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science (pp. 67-78). South Dakota, USA: South Dakota Academy of Sciences.

Kumar, A., Ergas, S., Yuan, X., Sahu, A., Zhang, Q., Dewulf, J., ... Van Langenhove, H. (2010). Enhanced CO2 fixation and biofuel production via microalgae: recent developments and future directions. Trends Biotechnol., 28(7), 371-380.

Kumar, A. (2015). Studies on monthly and seasonal variations in primary productivity of glacial fed mountainous Goriganga River in Kumaun Himalaya, Uttarakhand, India. Int. Res. J.Biological. Sci., 4(3), 53-65.

Langley, N.M., Harrison, S.T.L., & Van Hille, R.P. (2012). A critical evaluation of CO 2 supplementation to algal systems by direct injection. Biochem. Eng. J., 68, 70-75.

Liboriussen, L., & Jeppesen, E. (2003). Temporal dynamics in epipelic, pelagic and epiphytic algal production in a clear and a turbid shallow lake. Freshwater Biol., 48(3), 418-431.

Lin, H.L. (2014). The classification indices-based model for NPP according to the integrated orderly classification system of grassland and its application. In C.R.V. Morgado, & V.P.P. Esteves (Eds.), CO2 Sequestration and Valorization. Retrieved from https://www.intechopen.com/books/co2-sequestration-andvalorization/

Lind, O.T. (1985). Handbook of common methods in limnology. Dubuque: Kendall/Hunt.

Ling, T.Y., Gerunsin, N., Soo, C.L., Nyanti, L., Sim, S.F., & Grinang, J. (2017). Seasonal changes and spatial variation in water quality of a large young tropical reservoir and its downstream river. J.Chem., 2017, 1-16.

Miller, G.T., & Spoolman, S.E. (2009). Essentials of Ecology (5th ed.). Belmont: Brooks/Cole.

Omar, M.A., Azmai, M.N.A., Omar, H., & Ismail, A. (2016). Water quality, primary productivity and carbon capture potential of microalgae in two urban manmade lakes, Selangor, Malaysia. Adv. Environ. Biol., 10(3), 10-22.

Pacheco, F., Roland, F., & Downing, J. (2013). Eutrophication reserves whole-lake carbon budgets. Inland Waters, 4, 41-48.

Paul, A., Das, B.K., & Sharma, R. (2006). Seasonal fluctuation in primary production in relation to the physicochemical parameters of two weed-infested ponds of Kalyani, West Bengal. J. Indian Fish Assoc., 33, 83-93.

Reich, P.B., Knops, J., Tilman, D., Craine, J., Ellsworth, D., Tjoelker, M., ... Hendrey, G. (2001). Plant diversity enhances ecosystem responses to elevated CO2 and nitrogen deposition. Nature, 410, 809-810.

Rice, E.W., Baird, R.B., Eaton, A.D., & Clesceri, L.S. (2012). Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater (22nd ed.). Washinton: Public Health Association.

Simmons, J.A., Long, J.M., & Ray, J.W. (2004). What limits the productivity of acid mine drainage treatment ponds. Mine Water Environ., 23(1), 44-53.

Singh, A.K., Kumari, R., & Kumar, A. (2018). The contribution of phytoplankton to the primary production in floodplain lakes (chaurs) of north Bihar, India. Int. J. Ecol. Dev. Res.,4(1), 44-52.

Sontakke, G.K., & Mokashe, S.S. (2014). Seasonal variation in primary productivity of two freshwater lakes of Aurangabad district, Maharashtra, India. Int. J. Fauna. Biol. Stud., 1(6), 07-10.

Sugunan, V.V., & Bhattacharjya, B.K. (2000). Ecology and Fisheries of Beelsin Assam Bulletin No. 104. Barrackpore, West Bengal: Central Inland Fisheries Reserch Institue.

Sydney, E.B. (2010). Potential carbon dioxide fixation by industrially important microalgae. Bioresour. Technol., 101, 5892-5896.

Thai Meteorological Department (TMD). (2018). Seasonal forecast. Retrieved from https://www.tmd.go.th/en/seasonal_forecast.php.

Tonetta, D., Lauderes-Silva, R., & Petrucio, M.M. (2015). Planktonic production and respiration in a subtropical lake dominated by cyanobacteria. Braz. J. Biol., 75(2), 460-470.

Vaillancourt, R.D., Marra, J. Seki, M.P., Parsons, M.L., & Bidigare, R.R. (2003). Impact of a cyclonic eddy on phytoplankton community structure and photosynthetic competency in the subtropical North Pacific Ocean. Deep Sea Res., 50, 829-847.

Verma, B.S., & Srivastava, S.K. (2016). Study of factors affecting phytoplankton primary productivity in a pond of Patna, Bihar, India. Nat. Environ. Pollut. Technol., 15(1), 291-296.

Vollenweider, R.A. (1969). A manual on methods for measuring primary production in aquatic environments. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific.

Weinke, A.D., Kendall, S.T., Kroll, D.J., Strickler, E.A., Weinert, M.E., Holcomb, T.M., ... Biddanda, B.A. (2014). Systematically variable planktonic carbon metabolism along a land-to-lake gradient in a Great Lakes coastal zone. J. Plankton Res., 36(6), 1528-1542.

Wetzel, R.G. (2001). Limnology (3rd ed.). Santiago: Academic Press.

Downloads

Published

2023-09-26

How to Cite

Phrommarat, B., & Buawech, D. (2023). Assessment of Carbon Dioxide Captured in Producer Biomass and Its Influencing Factors in a Tropical Freshwater Reservoir. Journal of Food Health and Bioenvironmental Science, 13(1), 25–33. Retrieved from https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/sdust/article/view/260542

Issue

Section

Original Articles