Investigation of various factors affecting methylene blue adsorption on agricultural waste: Banana stalks

Main Article Content

Jongporn Mahadlek
Jongjan Mahadlek

Abstract

Banana stalks are interesting agricultural waste products that can be utilized to eliminate dyes from textile wastewater because it is a low cost adsorbent and a readily available resource in Thailand. This study investigated the effect of various factors on methylene blue (MB) adsorption on different sizes of dried banana stalks. Before and after MB adsorption, banana stalks were characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and powder X-ray diffraction. The factors that were investigated included adsorbent amount, contact time, shaking speed, and initial MB dye concentration. The adsorption profile was identified using the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. Results indicated that all factors affected the MB adsorption of banana stalks. The highest MB adsorption percentage was observed in banana stalks ranging in size from 0.18 mm to 0.25 mm (40-60 mesh (S)), followed by those ranging in size from 0.25 mm to 0.40 mm (60-80 mesh (M)) and from 1.0 cm to 1.5 cm. The equilibrium data of these three sizes of banana stalks fitted well to the Freundlich model. These results confirmed that the adsorption profile was multilayered and occurred through physicochemical interactions. The most suitable adsorption kinetics model was the pseudo-second-order kinetics model. Therefore, these data can be used as a reference in establishing an alternative method for removing various dyes from wastewater using low cost eco-friendly agricultural waste.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
Research Articles

References

Amel, K., Hassen, M. A., and Kerroum, D. (2012). Isotherm and kinetics study of biosorption of cationic dye onto banana peel. Energy Procedia, 19, 286-295.

Banerjee, S., and Chattopadhyaya, M. C. (2017). Adsorption characteristics for the removal of a toxic dye, tartrazine from aqueous solutions by a low cost agricultural by-product. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 10(2), S1629-S1638.

Becker, H., Matos, R. F., Souza, J. A., Lima, D. A., Souza, F. T. C., and Longhinotti, E. (2013). Pseudo-stem banana fibers: Characterization and chromium removal. Orbital: Electronic Journal of Chemistry, 5(3), 164-170.

Bello, O. S., Bello, I. A., and Adegoke, K. A. (2013). Adsorption of dyes using different types of sand: a review. South African Journal of Chemistry, 66(1), 117-129.

Bulut, Y., and Aydin, H. (2006). A kinetics and thermodynamics study of methylene blue adsorption on wheat shells. Desalination, 194(1-3), 259-267.

Carvalho, H. P., Huang, J., Zhao, M., Liu, G., Dong, L., and Liu, X. (2015). Improvement of methylene blue removal by electrocoagulation/banana peel adsorption coupling in a batch system. Alexandria Engineering Journal, 54(3), 777-786.

Danish, M., Ahmad, T., Majeed, S., Ahmad, M., Ziyang, L., Pin, Z., and Iqubal, S. M. S. (2018). Use of banana trunk waste as activated carbon in scavenging methylene blue dye: Kinetic, thermodynamic, and isotherm studies. Bioresource Technology Reports, 3, 127-137.

Demirbas, A. (2009). Agricultural based activated carbons for the removal of dyes from aqueous solutions: a review. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 167(1-3), 1-9.

Foo, K. Y., and Hameed, B. H. (2010). An overview of dye removal via activated carbon adsorption process. Desalination and Water Treatment, 19(1-3), 255-274.

Fytianos, K., Voudrias, E., and Kokkalis, E. (2000). Sorption-desorption behavior of 2,4-dichlorophenol by marine sediments. Chemosphere, 40(1), 3-6.

Greluk, M., and Hubicki, Z. (2011). Efficient removal of acid orange 7 dye from water using the strongly basic anion exchange resin amberlite IRA-958. Desalination, 278(1-3), 219-226.

Hameed, B. H., Mahmoud, D. K., and Ahmad, A. L. (2008). Sorption equilibrium and kinetics of basic dye from aqueous solution using banana stalk waste. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 158(2-3), 499-506.

Ho, Y. S. (2004). Citation review of Lagergren kinetic rate equation on adsorption reactions. Scientometrics, 59(1), 171-177.

Kula, I., Ugurlu, M., Karaoglu, H., and Celik A. (2008). Adsorption of Cd(II) ions from aqueous solutions using activated carbon prepared from olive stone by ZnCl2 activation. Bioresource Technology, 99(3), 492-501.

Langmuir, I. (1918). The adsorption of gases on plane surfaces of glass, mica and platinum. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 40(9), 1361-1403.

Liu, R., Yu, H., and Huang, Y. (2005). Structure and morphology of cellulose in wheat straw. Cellulose, 12(1), 25-34.

Mahmoodi, N. M. (2011). Equilibrium, kinetics, and thermodynamics of dye removal using alginate in binary systems. Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data, 56(6), 2802-2811.

Manna, S., Roy, D., Saha, P., Gopakumar, D., and Thomas, S. (2017). Rapid methylene blue adsorption using modified lignocellulosic materials. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 107, 346-356.

Mittal, A., Mittal, J., Malviya, A., Kaur, D., and Gupta, V. K. (2010). Adsorption of hazardous dye crystal violet from wastewater by waste materials. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 343(2), 463-473.

Mohammad, A., Li, J., Salamh, Y., Nasir, A., Walker, G., and Mohammad, N. M. A. (2010). Adsorption mechanisms of removing heavy metals and dyes from aqueous solution using date pits solid adsorbent. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 176(1-3), 510-520.

Mohan, D., Singh, K. P., and Singh, V. K. (2006). Trivalent chromium removal from wastewater using low cost activated carbon derived from agricultural waste material and activated carbon fabric cloth. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 135(1-3), 280-295.

Moubarak, F., Atmani, R., Maghri, I., Elkouali, M., Talbi, M., and Latifa, M. (2014). Elimination of methylene blue dye with natural adsorbent banana peels powder. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research: B Chemistry, 14(1), 39-44.

Mouni, L., Belkhiri, L., Bollinger, J. C., Bouzaza, A., Assadi, A., Tirri, A., Dahmoune, F., Madani, K., and Remini, H. (2018). Removal of methylene blue from aqueous solutions by adsorption on kaolin: kinetic and equilibrium studies. Applied Clay Science, 153(1), 38-45.

Nascimento, G. E., Campos, N. F., Silva, J. J., and Marta, D. (2015). Adsorption of anionic dyes from an aqueous solution by banana peel and green coconut mesocarp. Desalination and water treatment, 57(30), 14093-14108.

Nujnetra, A., and Boonarong, L. (2013). Kluai Homthong Banlad: (banana production in Banlad) production cost and economic rent. Advances in Environmental Biology, 7(9), 2225-2228.

Oyekanmi, A. A., Ahmad, A., Hossain, K., and Rafatullah, M. (2019). Adsorption of rhodamine B dye from aqueous solution onto acid treated banana peel: Response surface methodology, kinetics and isotherm studies. PLoS ONE, 14(5), e0216878.

Pandey, L. M., and Ravi, R. (2019). Enhanced adsorption capacity of designed bentonite and alginate beads for the effective removal of methylene blue. Applied Clay Science, 169(1), 102-111.

Pathania, D., Sharma, S., and Singh, P. (2017). Removal of methylene blue by adsorption onto activated carbon developed from Ficus carica bast. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 10(1), S1445-S1451.

Salleh, M. A. M., Mahmoud, D. K., Karim, W. A. W. A., and Idris, A. (2011). Cationic and anionic dye adsorption by agricultural solid wastes: a comprehensive review. Desalination, 280(1-3), 1-13.

Salman, J. M., Njoku, V. O., and Hameed, B. H. (2011). Adsorption of pesticides from aqueous solution onto banana stalk activated carbon. Chemical Engineering Journal, 174(1), 41-48.

Sharma, S., Hasan, A., Kumar, N., and Pandey, L. M. (2018). Removal of methylene blue dye from aqueous solution using immobilized Agrobacterium fabrum biomass along with iron oxide nanoparticles as biosorbent. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 25(22), 21605-21615.

Shimizu, F. L., Monteiro, P. Q., Ghiraldi, P. H. C., Melati, R. B., Pagnocca, F. C., Souza, W., Anna, C. S., and Brienzo, M. (2018). Acid, alkali and peroxide pretreatments increase the cellulose accessibility and glucose yield of banana pseudostem. Industrial Crops and Products, 115, 62-68.

Singh, S., Parveen, N., and Gupta, H. (2018). Adsorptive decontamination of rhodamine-B from water using banana peel powder: a biosorbent. Environmental Technology & Innovation, 12, 189-195.

Sulak, M. T., Demirbas, E., and Kobya, M. (2007). Removal of astrazon yellow 7GL from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto wheat bran. Bioresource Technology, 98(3), 2590-2598.

Vadivelan, V., and Kumar, K. V. (2005). Equilibrium, kinetics, mechanism, and process design for the sorption of methylene blue onto rice husk. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 286(1), 90-100.

Vital, R. K., Saibaba, K. V. N., Shaik, K. B., and Gopinath, R. (2016). Dye removal by adsorption: a review. Journal of Bioremediation Biodegradation, 7(6), 371.

Xie, K., Zhao, W., and He, X. (2011). Adsorption properties of nano-cellulose hybrid containing polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane and removal of reactive dyes from aqueous solution. Carbohydrate Polymers, 83(4), 1516-1520.

Yagub, M. T., Sen, T. K., and Ang, H. M. (2012). Equilibrium, kinetics, and thermodynamics of methylene blue adsorption by pine tree leaves. Water Air & Soil Pollution, 223(8), 5267-5282.

Yagub, M. T., Sen, T. K., Afroze, S., and Ang, H. M. (2014). Dye and its removal from aqueous solution by adsorption: a review. Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, 209, 172-184.

Zhang, S., Wang, Z., Zhang, Y., Pan, H., and Tao, L. (2016). Adsorption of methylene blue on organosolv lignin from rice straw. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 31, 3-11.

Zhao, B., Xiao, W., Shang, Y., Zhu, H., and Han, R. (2017). Adsorption of light green anionic dye using cationic surfactant-modified peanut husk in batch mode. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 10(2), S3595-S3602.