A Study of Adsorption of an Organic Colouring Matter on Powdered Natural Plant Material

Main Article Content

Kiran V. Mehta


The present paper describes the study of the removal of organic matter (Astrazon Brilliant Red 4G) (ABR) from the solution by the adsorbent prepared from wheat straw. To measure the efficiency of adsorption, different parameters like effect of pH, effect of initial dye concentration and effect of adsorbent amount with respect to time were studied. Spectrophotometric technique was used for the measurement of amount of dyes before and after adsorption process. The Langmuir adsorption isotherm model and Freundlich adsorption model were studied for this adsorption. The study reveals that wheat straw powder (WSP) can be used as an efficient adsorbent for the removal of ABR.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Research Articles


Ahmad, R. and Kumar, R. (2008). Adsorption Study of Patent Blue Vf Using Ginger Waste Material. Journal of the Iranian Chemical Society, 1: 85-94.

Al-Ahmary, K. M. (2013). Kinetics and Thermodyanamic Study of Malachite Green Adsorption on Seeds of Dates. International Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 2(1): 27-37.

Alau K. K., Gimba C. E., and Kagbu J. A. (2010). Removal of Dyes from Aqueous Solution Using Neem (Azadirachta Indica) Husk as Activated Carbon, Archives of Applied Science Research, 2(5): 456-461.

Annadurai, G., Juang, R. S., and Lee, D. J. (2002). Use of Cellulose Based Wastes for Adsorption of Dyes from Aqueous Solutions. Journal of Hazardous Materials, B-92: 263-274.

Azraa, A., Jain, K., Tong, K. S., Rozaini C., A., and Tan, L. S. (2012). Equilibrium, Kinetic and Thermodynamic Studies on the Adsorption of Direct Dye onto a Novel Green Adsorbent Developed from Uncaria Gambir Extract. Journal of Physical Science, 23(1): 1-13.

Baseri, R. J., Palnisamy, P. N., and Sivakumar, P. (2012). Comparative Studies of Direct Dye on Activated Carbon and Conducting Polymer Composite. E-Journal of Chemistry, 9(3): 1122-1134.

Bat Zias, F. A. and Sindiras, D. K. (2004). Dye Adsorption by Calcium Chloride Treated Beech Sawdust in Batch and Fixed Bed Systems. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 114(1-3): 167-174.

Changwei, H., Jian, Long, L., Yin, Zhou, Mei, Li, Feng, X., and Huiming, Li. (2009). Enhanced Removal of Methylene Blue from Aqueous Solution by Pummelo Peel Pretreated with Sodium Hydroxide. Journal of Health Science, 55(4): 619-624.

Dae-Hee, Won-Seok, and Tai-II Y. (1999). Dyestuff Wastewater Treatment Using Chemical Oxidation, Physical Adsorption and Fixed Bed Biofilm Process. Process Biochemistry, 34: 429-439.

Dai, M. (1998). Mechanism of Adsorption for Dyes on Activated Carbon. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 198(1): 6-10.

Filipkowska, U., Klimiuk, E., Grabowski, S., and Siedlecka, E. (2002). Adsorption of Reactive Dyes by Modified Chitin from Aqueous Solutions. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 11(4): 315-323.

Gong, R., Ding, Y., Li, M., Yang C., Liu, H., and Sun, Y., (2005). Utilization of Powdered Peanut Hull as Biosorbent for Removal of Anionic Dyes from Aqueous Solution. Dyes and Pigments, 64: 187-192.

Hariharasuthan, R. and Nageswara Rao, A. (2001). Comparative Studies of Sorel’s Cement on Selected Dyes. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 4(4): 410 - 413.

Jusoh, A., Tam, Y. K., Liew, A. G., Megat, Mohd., Noor, M. J., and Saed, K., (2004). Adsorption of Remazol Dye onto Granular Activated Carbon in Fixed Bed : A Case Study of Red 3BS. International Journal of Engineering and Technology, 1(1): 58-63.

Kannan, N. and Sundram, M. M. (2001). Kinetic and Mechanism of Removal of Methylene Blue by Adsorption on Various Carbons-A Comparative Study. Dyes and Pigments, 1: 25-40.

Karaca, S., Gurses, A., Aclkyldlz, M., and Ejder, M. (2008). Adsorption of Cationic Dye from Aqueous Solutions by Activated Carbon. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 115(3): 376-382.

Kinnlburgh, D. G. (1986). General Purpose Adsorption Isotherms. Environmental Science and Technology (J. Am. Chem. Soc.), 20(9): 895-896.

Lo Stuart, T., William, R. R., and Michael, A. C. (2003). Removal of Dissolved Textile Dyes from Wastewater by a Compost Sorbent. Coloration Technology, 119: 14-18.

Longhinotti, E., Pozza, F., Furlan, L., Sanchez, M. D. N. D. M., Klug, M., Laranjeira, M. C. M., and Favere, V. T. (1998). Adsorption of Anionic Dyes on the Biopolymer Chitin, Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, 9(5): 435-440.

Malik, A. and Taneja, U. (1994). Utilizing Flyash for Colour Removal of Dye Effluents. American Dyestuff Reporter October: 20-26.

Marmangne, O. and Coste, C. (1996). Colour Removal from Textile Effluents, American Dyestuff Reporter April: 15-21.

Mckay, G., Blair, H. S., and Gardner, J. R. (1984). The Adsorption of Dyes onto Chitin in Fixed Bed Columns and Batch Adsorbers. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 29: 1499-1514.

Memon, G. Z., Bhanger, M. I., and Akhtar, M. (2009). Peach-Nut Shells-An Effective and Low Cost Adsorbent for the Removal of Endosulfan from Aqueous Solutions. Pakistan Journal of Analytical and Environmental Chemistry, 10(1-2): 14-18.

Nassar, M. M. (1997). The Kinetics of Basic Dye Removal Using Palm-Fruit Bunch. Adsorption Science and Technology, 15: 609-617.

Ola, A., Ahmed, E. N., Amany, E. S., and Azza, K. (2005). Use of Rice Husk for Adsorption of Direct Dyes from Aqueous Solution: A Case Study of Direct F. Scarlet. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research, 31(1): 1-11.

Ozer, A. and Dursun, G., (2007). Removal of Methylene Blue from Aqueous Solution by Dehydrated Wheat Bran Carbon. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 146(1-2): 262-269.

Perineau, F., Molinier, J., and Gaset, A. (1982). Adsorption of Ionic Dyes onto Charred Plant Material. Journal of Chemical Technolgy and Biotechnology, 32: 749-755.

Perkowski, J. and Kos, L. (2003). Decolourization of Model Dye House Wastewater with Advanced Oxidation Processes. Fibres and Textiles in Eastern Europe, 11: 67-71.

Rajeshwari, S., Namasivayam, C., and Kadirvelu, K. (2003). Orange Peel as an Adsorbent in the Removal of Acid Violet 17(Acid Dye) from Aqueous Solutions. Waste Management, 21: 105-110.

Rosario, L. C., Abel, G. E., and Marta, I. L. (2002). Photodegradation of an Azo Dye of the Textile Industry. Chemosphere, 48: 393-399.

Sarkar, D. and Bandyopadhyay, A. (2010). Adsorptive Mass Transport of Dye on Rice Husk Ash. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 2: 424-431.

Tan, I. A. W., Ahmad, A. L., and Hameed, B. H. (2009). Adsorption Isotherms, Kinetics, Thermodynamics and Adsorption Studies of 2,4,6-Trichloro Phenol on Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch-Based Activated Carbon. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 164: 473-482.

Torane, R. C., Mundhe, K. S., Bhave, A. A., Kamble, G. S., Kashalker, R. V., and Deshpande, N. R. (2010). Removal of Methylene Blue from Aqueous Solution Using Biosorbent. Der Pharma Chemica, 2(3): 171-177.