Comparison of Growth of Azuki, Cowpea and Mungbean with Aeration and Non-aeration under Hydroponic Technique

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Rusama Marubodee
Somchai Chakhatrakan
Hiroshi Ehara

Abstract

Abstract

The comparison of growth of azuki, cowpea and mungbean on different conditions in the hydroponic technique was investigated. Vigna angularis (azuki), V. unguiculata (cowpea) and V. radiata (mungbean) were cultivated using Kimura A solution at pH 6.5 with aeration and non-aeration. Measurement was determined at 30 days after transplanting. Aeration condition had effect to Vigna species with non-aeration had significantly greater height and leaf area than with aeration while the reverse results were got for the root length and leaf number. However, SPAD of azuki and cowpea in non-aeration were significantly higher than in aeration while mungbean in non-aeration were significantly lower than in aeration. Dry weight of stem, root and whole plant of cowpea and mungbean in non-aeration were significantly higher than with aeration. From these results, azuki, cowpea and mungbean should be cultivated in the non-aeration condition. They would give more growth and yield.

Keywords: aeration; non-aeration and growth

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How to Cite
Marubodee, R., Chakhatrakan, S., & Ehara, H. (2013). Comparison of Growth of Azuki, Cowpea and Mungbean with Aeration and Non-aeration under Hydroponic Technique. Thai Journal of Science and Technology, 1(1), 61–68. https://doi.org/10.14456/tjst.2012.8
Section
บทความวิจัย
Author Biographies

Rusama Marubodee, Department of Agricultural Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Thammasat University, Rangsit Centre, Klong Nueng, Klong Luang, Pathum Thani 12120

Somchai Chakhatrakan, Department of Agricultural Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Thammasat University, Rangsit Centre, Klong Nueng, Klong Luang, Pathum Thani 12120

Hiroshi Ehara, Laboratory of Crop Production and Ecology, Division of Sustainable Resource Science, Graduate School of Bioresources, Mie University, Tsu 514-8507