Fire Emergency Evacuation Study Using Agent-based Computer Programming: A Case Study of Educational Building

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กสิณ รังสิกรรพุม
วัฒนา จันทะโคตร

Abstract

In this research, we analyze the fire evacuation planning using the Pathfinder program, which is based on the agent-based simulation (ABS) approach. We conduct a designed experiment using a case study of a fire-emergency situation hypothetically occurred at the engineering building at Ubonratchathani university. Next, we analyze different egress/evacuation options for emergency evacuation planning, including stairway and elevator, by performing 6 designed cases to understand how these options affect travel time to an emergency exit on the first floor of building occupants. Then, we investigate agent behaviors and evacuation time of students and faculties assumed to randomly using various rooms in the building under 7 fire scenarios. Analyzed results show that various alternatives for evacuation planning affect both evacuation time and the number of people to be evacuated, which implies that proper plan for successful emergency preparedness and response, such as in an evacuation drill, should consider locations and severity of fire sources into account.

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วิศวกรรมศาสตร์และสถาปัตยกรรมศาสตร์
Author Biographies

กสิณ รังสิกรรพุม

ภาควิชาวิศวกรรมอุตสาหการ คณะวิศวกรรมศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยอุบลราชธานี ตำบลเมืองศรีไค อำเภอวารินชำราบ จังหวัดอุบลราชธานี 34190

วัฒนา จันทะโคตร

ภาควิชาวิศวกรรมอุตสาหการ คณะวิศวกรรมศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยอุบลราชธานี ตำบลเมืองศรีไค อำเภอวารินชำราบ จังหวัดอุบลราชธานี 34190

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