Analysis and Synthesis of Knowledge from Nile Tilapia Philosophers for Sustainable Culture in the Northern Thailand

Main Article Content

ธัชพล การะเกตุ
มินตรา ศีลอุดม
นนทวิทย์ อารีย์ชน

Abstract

This research is a gathering of knowledge from tilapia philosophers and farmers with outstanding techniques of practice in the northern part of Thailand. All collected information was analyzed under the basis of good aquaculture practice (GAP) and explicit knowledge was developed for the achievement of Thailand aquaculture sustainability. From 5 philosophers and 3 farmers, the practices were divided into 3 main activities: (1) Breeding and nursing: The enhancement of the reproductive performance of broodstocks and the increasing rate of survival and sex reversal of tilapia fry, (2) Tilapia culture in the earthen pond: management technique to reduce the production cost, increase productivity and the quality of fish fillet, and (3) Tilapia culture in cages: Techniques to increase growth, survival rate and benefit of production. Most techniques are derived from the experience gained through the learning process in tilapia aquaculture by integrating the landscape, climatic and local resources utilization for successfully cultivated Tilapia culture. The knowledge gained from this study can be further developed as a knowledge base for sustainable tilapia farming in the northern region and also whole tilapia culture industry.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
วิทยาศาสตร์ชีวภาพ
Author Biographies

ธัชพล การะเกตุ

ภาควิชาวิทยาศาสตร์การเกษตร คณะเกษตรศาสตร์ ทรัพยากรธรรมชาติ และสิ่งแวดล้อม มหาวิทยาลัยนเรศวร ตําบลท่าโพธิ์ อําเภอเมืองจังหวัดพิษณุโลก 65000

มินตรา ศีลอุดม

ภาควิชาสัตวศาสตร์และสัตว์น้ำ คณะเกษตรศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยเชียงใหม่ ถนนห้วยแก้ว ตำบลสุเทพ อำเภอเมือง จังหวัดเชียงใหม่ 50200

นนทวิทย์ อารีย์ชน

ภาควิชาเพาะเลี้ยงสัตว์น้ำ คณะประมง มหาวิทยาลัยเกษตรศาสตร์ วิทยาเขตบางเขน แขวงลาดยาว เขตจตุจักร กรุงเทพมหานคร 10900

References

[1] FAO, 2014, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture, Rome.
[2] Department of Fisheries, 2019, Fisheries Statistics of Thailand 2017, No. 9/2019, Fisheries Development Policy and Strategy Division, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Bangkok, 92 p. (in Thai)
[3] Santos, J.F., Assis, C.R.D., Soares, K.L.S., Rafael, R.E.Q., Oliveira, V.M., de Vascon celos Filho, J.E., Franca, R.C.P., Lemos, D. and Bezerra, R.S., 2019, A comparative study on Nile tilapia under different culture systems: Effect on the growth parameters and proposition of new growth models, Aquaculture 503: 128-138.
[4] New, M.B. and Valenti, W.C., 2017, Tilapia-Macrobrachium Polyculture, pp. 165-184, In Perschbacher, P.W. and Stickney, R.R. (Eds.), Tilapia in Intensive Co-culture, Wiley Blackwell, Oxford.
[5] Rodrigues, C.G., Garcia, B.F., Verdegem, M., Santos, M.R., Amorim, R.V. and Valenti, W.C., 2019, Integrated culture of Nile tilapia and Amazon river prawn in stagnant ponds, using nutrient-rich water and substrates, Aquaculture 503: 111-117.
[6] Wang, M. and Lu, M., 2016, Tilapia polyculture: A global review, Aquac. Res. 47: 2363-2374.
[7] Department of Fisheries, 2011, Knowledge of the Philosopher Tilapia, Inland Fisheries Research and Development Division, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Bangkok, 66 p. (in Thai)
[8] Niwano, Y., Saito, K., Yoshizaki, F., Kohno, M. and Ozawa, T., 2011, Extensive screening for herbal extracts with potent antioxidant properties, J. Clin. Biochem. Nutr. 1: 78-84.
[9] Kubola, J., Siriamornpun, S. and Meeso, N., 2011, Phytochemicals, vitamin C and sugar content of Thai wild fruits, Food Chem. 126: 972-981.
[10] Al-Musharfi, N.K., Al-Wahaibi, H.S. and Khan, S.A., 2015, Comparison of ascorbic acid, total phenolic content and antioxidant activities of fresh juices of six fruits grown in Oman, J. Food Process. Technol. 6(11): 1-3.
[11] Keskin-Šašić, I., Tahirović, I., Topčagić, A., Klepo, L., Salihović, M., Ibragić, S., Toroma novic, J., Ajanovic, A. and Velispahic, E., 2012, Total phenolic content and antioxidant capacity of fruit juices, Bull. Chem. Technol. Bosnia Herzegovina 39: 25-28.
[12] Pandey, K.B. and Rizvi, S.I., 2009, Plant polyphenols as dietary antioxidants in human health and disease, Oxid. Med. Cell. Longev. 2: 270-278.
[13] Gammanpila, M., 2003, Evaluation of the Effect of Dietary Vitamin C, E and Zinc Supplementation on Reproductive Performance of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), Master Thesis, Asian Institute of Technology, Pathum Thani.
[14] Hai, N.V., 2015, The use of probiotics in aquaculture, J. Appl. Microbiol. 119: 917-935.
[15] Yindisuk, A. and Chaisa, B., 2007, The Study of Macronutrients in Ferment Solution Prepared from Organic Waste and Residual Material, Research Report, Ubon Ratchathani University, Ubon Ratchathani, 78 p. (in Thai)
[16] El-Sayed, Abdel-Fattah M. and Kawanna, M., 2008, Effects of dietary protein and energy levels on spawning performance of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) broodstock in a recycling system, Aquaculture 280: 179-184.
[17] Okoko, M., 1996, Effect of 17-alpha Methyl Testosterone Concentrations on the Sex Ratio and Gonadal Development of Nile Tilapia Oreochromis niloticus, Master Thesis, Auburn University, Alabama, 121 p.
[18] Phongthana, N., Siangwan, S. and Nitham, C., 2004, Effects of androgens on sex reversal of Nile tilapia, Thai Fish. Gazette 57(3): 251-259. (in Thai)
[19] Thai Meteorological Department, 2016, Weather Summary (Yearly) 2015, Available Source: https://www.tmd.go.th/programs/ uploads/yearlySummary/annual2558_new2.pdf, April 29, 2017. (in Thai)
[20] Little, D.C. and Hulata, G., 2000, Strategies for Tilapia Seed Production, pp. 267-326, In Beveridge, M.C.M. and McAndrew, B.J. (Eds.), Tilapias: Biology and Exploitation, Kluwer Academic Publishers, London.
[21] Whangchai, N., Wigraiboon, S., Shimizu, K., Iwami, N. and Itayama, T., 2011, Off-flavor in Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) reared in cages and earthen ponds in northern Thailand, Thai J. Agric. Sci. 44(Special Issue): 270-276.
[22] Pimolrat, P., Whangchai, N., Chitmanat, C., Itayama, T. and Lebel, L., 2015, Off-flavor Characterization in high nutrient load Tilapia ponds in northern Thailand, Turk. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 15: 275-83.
[23] Persson, P.E., 1982, Muddy odor: A problem associated with extreme eutrophication, Hydrobiogia 86: 161-164.
[24] Robertson, R.F., Hammond, A., Jauncey, K., Beveridge, M.C.M. and Lawton, L.A., 2006, An investigation into the occurrence of geosmin responsible for earthy-musty taints in UK farmed rainbow trout, Onchorhynchus mykiss, Aquaculture 259: 153-163.
[25] Land Development Department, 2004, Manual for Analyzing Soil Samples, Water, Fertilizer: Soil Improvement Materials and Analysis for Product Standard Certification, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Bangkok, 53 p. (in Thai)
[26] Petersen, A., Andersen, J.S., Kaewmak, T., Somsiri, T. and Dalsgaard, A., 2002, Impact of integrated fish farming on antimicrobial resistance in a pond environment, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68: 6036-6042.
[27] Srinuansom, K., Moonteinart, B., Whang chai, N. and Promya, J., 2010, Correlation of chicken manure application on the growth performance of Pla Buk (Pangasianodon gigas Chevey, 1930), species composition of phytoplankton and water quality in intensive pen culture, J. Agric. Res. Extens. 27: 27-38.
[28] Chomchai, N., 1999, Feeding and Hen Formula Feed, Bureau of Animal Development, Department of Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Bangkok, 19 p. (in Thai)
[29] Smith, J.L., Boyer, G.L. and Zimba, P.V., 2008, A review of cyanobacterial odorous and bioactive metabolites: impacts and management alternatives in aquacul ture, Aquaculture 280: 5-20.
[30] Guttman, L. and Rijn, J.V., 2008, Identifica tion of conditions underlying production of geosmin and 2-methylisoborneol in a recirculating system, Aquaculture 279: 85-91.
[31] Department of Medical Sciences, 2017, Microbiological Quality Criteria for Food and Food Contact Containers, Issue 3, Bureau of Quality and Safety of Food, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, 26 p. (in Thai)
[32] National Bureau of Agricultural Commo dity and Food Standards, 2013, Thai Agricultural Standard TAS 7001-2013: Tilapia, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Bangkok, 9 p. (in Thai)
[33] Department of Fisheries, 2016, Increasing Efficiency and Reducing Costs of Nile Tilapia Farming Guide, Inland Fisheries Research and Development Division, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Bangkok, 31 p. (in Thai)
[34] Wang, N., Hayward, R.S. and Noltie, D.B., 2000, Effects of social interaction on growth of juvenile hybrid sunfish at two densities, N. Am. J. Aquac. 62: 161-167.
[35] Plaipetch, P., 2016, Nutritional manage ment for culturing Nile tilapia (Oreochro mis niloticus), Thai Sci. Technol. J. 24(1): 12-39. (in Thai)
[36] Karaket, T., Chomcham, B. and Prong kasem, S., 2018, Effect of dietary supplementation of vitamin C on growth performances and feed efficiency of striped snakehead fish (Channa striata) fingerlings, J. Fish. Techol. Res. 12(1): 1-10. (in Thai)
[37] Craig, S., Helfrich, L.A., Kuhn, D. and Schwarz, M.H., 2017, Understanding Fish Nutrition, Feeds, and Feeding, Virginia Cooperative Extension, Publication 420-256, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, 6 p.
[38] Wall, M.M., 2006, Ascorbic acid, vitamin A, and mineral composition of banana (Musa sp.) and papaya (Carica papaya) cultivars grown in Hawaii, J. Food Compost. Anal. 19: 434-445.
[39] Singh, B., Singh, J.P., Kaur, A. and Singh, N., 2016, Bioactive compounds in banana and their associated health benefits – A review, Food Chem. 206: 1-11.
[40] Hui-yuan, L.V., Zhi-gang, Z., Rudeaux, F. and Respondek, F., 2007, Effects of dietary short chain fructo-oligosaccharides on intestinal microflora, mortality and growth performance of O. niloticus × Oreochromis aureus, Chinese J. Anim. Nutr. 19(6): 1–6.
[41] Portz, D.E., Woodley, C.M. and Cech, J.J., 2006, Stress-associated impacts of short-term holding on fishes, Rev. Fish Biol. Fish. 16: 125-170.
[42] Narra, M.R., Rajender, K., Reddy, R.R., Rao, J.V. and Begum, G., 2015, The role of vitamin C as antioxidant in protection of biochemical and haematological stress induced by chlorpyrifos in freshwater fish Clarias batrachus, Chemosphere 132: 172-178.
[43] Endo, M., Kumahara, C., Yoshida, T. and Tabata, M., 2002, Reduced stress and increased immune responses in Nile tilapia kept under self-feeding conditions, Fish. Sci. 68: 253-257.
[44] Wang, N., Hayward, R.S. and Noltie, D.B., 1998, Effect of feeding frequency on food consumption, growth, size variation, and feeding pattern of age-0 hybrid sunfish, Aquaculture 165: 261-267.