ผลของระยะปลูกต่อการเจริญเติบโต ผลผลิต และองค์ประกอบผลผลิตของถั่วหรั่งพันธุ์สงขลา 1

Main Article Content

ธัชวีร์ ขวัญแก้ว
อมรรัตน์ ชุมทอง

Abstract

The effect of spacing on growth, yield and yield components of bambara groundnut cv. Songkhla 1 was conducted at the Agronomy Practice Station, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Songkhla Rajabhat University, Khao Roob Chang subdistrict, Muang district, Songkhla province, during November 2017 to February 2018. Randomized complete block design (RCBD) with 4 replications was used as an experimental design. Treatments consisted of 4 planting spaces: 60×30, 60 × 40, 60 × 50 and 60 × 60 cm. The results showed that planting spaces had no significant effect on field emergence, time to 50 % of emergence, time to 50 % of flowering, plant height, canopy diameter and number of seeds per pod. Plant spacing at 60 × 40, 60 × 50 and 60 × 60 cm gave high petiole numbers (54.40-65.28 petioles/plant). The bambara groundnut planted with 60 × 30 and 60 × 40 cm spacing produced the highest fresh pod yield (383.00-415.50 kg/rai). The planted with 60 × 40 cm spacing gave higher yield components than those with 60 × 30 cm spacing; 14.38 mm width seed, 21.32 mm length seed, and weight of 107.50 g/100 seeds. Thus, 60 × 40 cm spacing is recommended for the cultivating of Bambara groundnut cv. Songkhla 1 that gave high yield and yield components.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
วิทยาศาสตร์ชีวภาพ
Author Biographies

ธัชวีร์ ขวัญแก้ว

หลักสูตรเทคโนโลยีการเกษตร คณะเทคโนโลยีการเกษตร มหาวิทยาลัยราชภัฏสงขลา ตำบลเขารูปช้าง อำเภอเมือง จังหวัดสงขลา 90000

อมรรัตน์ ชุมทอง

หลักสูตรเทคโนโลยีการเกษตร คณะเทคโนโลยีการเกษตร มหาวิทยาลัยราชภัฏสงขลา ตำบลเขารูปช้าง อำเภอเมือง จังหวัดสงขลา 90000

References

[1] Jakusko, B.B. and Dakato, B.B., 2015, Effect of NPK fertilizer rates on seed yield of some local caltivars of bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranean (L.) Verdc.), Int. J. Chem. Environ. Biol. Sci. 3: 67-70.
[2] Jonah, P.M., Adeniji, O.T. and Wammanda, D.T., 2010, Genetic correlations and path analysis in bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea), J. Agric. Soc. Sci. 6: 1-5.
[3] Khwankaew, W., 2010, Planting Promotion of Bambara Groundnut (Punyhee Bean) for Increase Revenue in Tamod, Phattalung, Overall Operation Report, Department of Agriculture Extension, Bangkok, 20 p. (in Thai)
[4] Chumthong, A., 2547, Selection and Development as Products of Bacillus spp. for Control Leaf Blight in Bambara Groundnut [Vigna subterranee (L.) Verdc.] Caused by Rhizoctonia solani kunh. M.S. Thesis, Prince of Songkla University, Songkla, 80 p. (in Thai)
[5] Suwanprasert, J., Kongnakhon, C., Rungnoi, O., Srinives, P., Chanprame, S., Toojinda, T., Charigkpakon, N. and Suvanjinda, P., 2011, Bambara groundnut varietal improvement and genetic study in Thailand during 2001-2010, Khon Kaen Agric. J. 39: 302-311. (in Thai)
[6] Ekthamasut, K., 2553, Physico-chemical and Functional Properties of Bambara Groundnut Flour and Its Applications. Research Report, University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce, Bangkok, 77 p. (in Thai)
[7] Boonprapapituk, J. and Taechasan, S., Bambarra Groundnut, Available Source: https://www.agriman.doae.go.th/home/news3/news3_1/rai/009_bambarra(31.08.11).pdf, April 9, 2018 (in Thai)
[8] Sangsrijun, S., Wisetsin, P. and Wisartpong, S., 1997, Production and marketing conditions of bambarra groundnut in the southern region, Office of Southern Agricultural Extension, Songkhla, 248 p. (in Thai)
[9] Seanphuak, T., Simla, S. and Boontang, S., 2015 Effect of spacing and number of plants per hill on yield of edible purple waxy corn, Thai Agric. Res. J. 33: 29-41. (in Thai)
[10] Konlan, S., Sarkodie-Addo, J., Asare, E. and Kombiok, M.J., 2013, Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varietal response to spacing in the Guinea savanna agro-ecological zone of Ghana: Growth and yield, Afr. J. Agric. Res. 8: 2769-2777.
[11] Detpiratmongko, S., Yoosukyingsataporn, S. and Ubolkerd, T., 2011, Effect of plant spacing on growth and yield of sweet potato, pp. 337-344, 49th Kasetsart University Annual Conference, Kasetsart University, Bangkok. (in Thai)
[12] Akpalu, M.M., Sarkodie-Addo, J. and Akpalu, S.E., 2012, Effect of spacing on growth and yield of five bambara groundnut [Vigna subterranea (L) Verdc.] landraces, J. Sci. Technol. 32: 9-19.