Formula Optimization for Producing High Fiber Puffed Snack Made from Sinlek Rice Flour, Black Sorghum Flour and Inulin

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นิภาพร กุลณา
parisut
น้องนุช ศิริวงศ์
วศะพร จันทร์พุฒ

Abstract

Response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to the optimized formula for development of a high fiber and acceptable puffed snack for consumers. The three components, Sinlek rice flour (40-60 %), black sorghum flour (40-60 %) and inulin (5-15 %) were investigated by mixture design. The increase in the black sorghum flour increased the hardness and protein content of the puffed snack. Increasing inulin content caused an increased overall liking scores. Furthermore, increasing of three components could enhance fiber content. The optimum formulation was 40 % Sinlek rice flour, 45 % black sorghum and 15 % inulin. This formula produced puffed snack, with high fiber (17.72 g) and good source of protein (8.13 g). This formulation had the highest liking score of hardness (6.72), taste (6.38) and overall liking (7.23). Therefore, Sinlek rice and black sorghum could be a useful main ingredient for developing healthy snack products.

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วิทยาศาสตร์ชีวภาพ
Author Biographies

นิภาพร กุลณา

สาขาอาหารและโภชนาการ ภาควิชาคหกรรมศาสตร์ คณะเกษตร มหาวิทยาลัยเกษตรศาสตร์ วิทยาเขตบางเขน แขวงลาดยาว เขตจตุจักร กรุงเทพมหานคร 10900

parisut

สาขาอาหารและโภชนาการ ภาควิชาคหกรรมศาสตร์ คณะเกษตร มหาวิทยาลัยเกษตรศาสตร์ วิทยาเขตบางเขน แขวงลาดยาว เขตจตุจักร กรุงเทพมหานคร 10900

น้องนุช ศิริวงศ์

สาขาอาหารและโภชนาการ ภาควิชาคหกรรมศาสตร์ คณะเกษตร มหาวิทยาลัยเกษตรศาสตร์ วิทยาเขตบางเขน แขวงลาดยาว เขตจตุจักร กรุงเทพมหานคร 10900

วศะพร จันทร์พุฒ

ภาควิชาวิทยาศาสตร์และเทคโนโลยีการอาหาร คณะอุตสาหกรรมเกษตร มหาวิทยาลัยเกษตรศาสตร์ วิทยาเขตบางเขน แขวงลาดยาว เขตจตุจักร กรุงเทพมหานคร 10900

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