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Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) is one of the most common side effects of cancer treatment. There are many receptors involved in the CINV pathophysiology, such as 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 (5-HT3) receptor, neurokinin-1 (NK-1) receptor, and dopamine receptor. As rapid progress in research and drug development, there are many effective drugs available for CINV including 5-HT3 receptor antagonists, NK-1 receptor antagonists, dexamethasone, and dopamine antagonists. In clinical practice, the antiemetic regimen used for CINV prophylaxis is primarily based on emetogenic risk and their mechanisms of action. This article aims at guiding healthcare providers on the appropriate management of CINV.
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