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Tipitaka is one of the ancient treatises that researchers can take the advantage for drug development from natural resource. Tipitaka is the fundamental scriptural canon of Buddhism. It is a large set of treatises which can be divided into 3 major parts; namely, Vinaya Pitaka, Sutta Pitaka, and Abhidhamma Pitaka. Medicinal plants are mostly presented in the Vinaya Pitaka (volume of Mahavagga). They are named in the Magadhi language and have about 34 specific species. Mode and medicinal use of the plants are cited in the way of Buddhist life. It seems to be very few in comparison with the Ayurvedic Material Medica. However, it is useful for focusing the research on medicinal plants.
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