Main Article Content
Norplant® implants, consisting of 6 capsules of silastic, is a method of long-acting contraception effective for 5 years; while Norplant-2® implants, consisting of 2 capsules of silastic, is effective for 3 years. During January 1988 and August 1990, the Institute of Health Research, Chulalongkorn University, conducted a survey study of the attitudes of Thai women an the acceptance of Norplant® and Norplant-2® implants at the Research Center on Population Health, Wat Tat Thong, Bangkok, Thailand. According to the study results, 60 out of 140 Thai women (43%), with the mean age± standard deviation of 30 ± 5.2 years, accepted Norplant® implants. Seventy percent of them had the education level of primary school, 36.7% were housewives and 35.0% were companies' employees. The average monthly income of families of these women was 5,965.80 ± 1,803.70 Baht and the average member of children was 1.9 ± I. Before accepting the implants, 71.6% used pills as their planning birth control and 86.6% acknowledged the method from friends, cousins or those already used the method. Supporting reasons for their decisions to accept Norplant® implants were need no more children (26.6%) getting boring of the method of birth control (23.3%) and disliking the side effects of the other methods (11.7%). The major reasons of selecting Norplant® implants instead of Norplant-2® implants were its larger duration of effectiveness (38.3%) and having enough children but being afraid of tubal sterilization (35.0%). Among the 140 women, 80 (57.0%) accepted Norplant-2® implants. The average of women of this group was 27.9 ± 4 years. Seventy percents had the education level of primary school, 36.2% were companies' employees and 31.3% were housewives. The average monthly income of the families was 5,999.20 ± 1,713.90 Baht and the average member of children was 1.6 ± 0.6. Before accepting the Norplant-2® implants, pills were used for contraception in 61.2% of the women and the implant method was acknowledged from friends, cousins or those using the method in 78.7% of the women. The main supporting reasons for their decisions to accept Norplant-2® implants were getting boring of the old methods of birth control (25.0%), the long period of contraception (21.0%), and disliking the side effects of other methods (15.0%). Among this group, 53.7% selected the Norplant-2® instead of Norplant-2® implants because they desired only 3 years of contraception.
Upon acceptance of an article, the Pharmacological and Therapeutic Society of Thailand will have exclusive right to publish and distribute the article in all forms and media and grant rights to others. Authors have rights to use and share their own published articles.