Effects of Nitric Oxide Synthase Inhibitor, l-Name on The Elevated Plus Maze Behavior in Isolation Stress Rats

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Sompop Soo-ampon
Noppamars Wongwitdecha

Abstract

Previous studies from our laboratory have demonstrated that social isolation is

anxiogenic and may change the effects of many psychotropic drugs (1 -4). These

effects are generally attributed to "isolation stress". However, there is no report

concerning the role of nitric oxide in isolation stress rats. Therefore, the present

experiments were designed to investigate the effects of a nitric oxide synthase

inhibitor, nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester (L-NAME) on the elevated plus-maze

behavior in social isolation stress rats. Male Wistar rats were obtained from weaning

(21 days of age) and reared in groups of five or six rats/cage (social rearing) or singly

(isolation rearing). After five weeks, each rat was placed individually onto the

elevated plus-maze following intraperitonean injection with either saline or L-NAME

30 min before a 5 min test. The results showed that pretreatment with L-NAME (5, 10

and 50 mg/kg i.p.) in isolation reared rats produced a dose-related anxiolytic profile

(increase in the percentage of open arm entries and time spent) on the elevated plus-maze.

However, the anxiolytic-like property of L-NAME was not observed in socially

reared rats. The present results indicate that nitric oxide synthase inhibitor possesses

anxiolytic property in social isolation stress rats, and may represent a novel class of

therapeutics for anxiety disorders.

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Section
2002 Annual Meeting Abstracts/Lectures

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