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The effect of intraperitoneal administration of the anticonvulsant valproic acid
(VPA) on the extracellular levels of glutamate and glutamine in the cerebral cortex as
a reference of its amide derivative, (N-Hydroxymethyl)-2propylpentamide (HPP) was
studied in freely moving rats. Male Wistar rats were implanted with microdialysis
probes into the cerebral cortex. The experiments were performed in conscious rats 24 h
after surgery. The microdialysis probe was perfused with an artificial cerebrospinal
fluid at a flow rate of 2 μI/min Following an initial 60-min equilibration period, 12
consecutive 20-min dialysates were collected. Injection of either saline, PEG-400,
VPA (220 and 440 mg/kg) or HPP (80 and 160 mh/kg) were made intraperitoneally in
a volume of 1 ml/kg of body weight. Dialysates were analyzed for glutamate and
glutamine content by HPLC with Electrochemical detection (ECD). Samples mixed
with homoserine, an internal standard, were authmatically injected by HPLC
autosampler. Dialysates were pre-column derivatised with o-pthaldialdehyde (OPA).
The mobile phase consisted of 70% 0.1M phosphate buffer solution and 30%
methanol with flow rate 1 ml/min. VP A (220 mg/kg) did not alter basal glutamate
level but in high dose ( 440 mg/kg), there was significant decrease on basal glutamate
level. In contrast, HPP (80 mg/kg and 160 mg/kg) caused reduction in basal glutamate
level. Similarly, basal glutamine level after HPP administration has been changed
significantly by both low and high doses, whereas only the high dose of VPA has
affected the basal glutamine level. These results suggest that HPP induced a decrease
in the basal release of glutamate and glutamine in cerebral cortex may underlie the
mechanism of anticonvulsant of HPP.
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