Effects of Piperine on Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Injuries and Oxidative Changes in Cultured Glial Cells from Rat Brains

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Piyanuch Wonganan
Surachai Unchern

Abstract

Oxidative stress plays a role in the aging process and is one of the

pathogenic causes in a variety of neurodegenerative disorders. In this study,

effects of piperine on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced injuries and oxidative

changes in cultured glial cells from rat brains were investigated. Treatment of

cultured glial cells with low concentrations of piperine ( 1-10 μM) significantly

increased mitochondrial metabolic activity (as measured by MTT reduction) after

12 and 24 hr of incubation. At higher concentrations (25-100 μM), however,

piperine markedly decreased mitochondrial activity and cell viability after 6, 12

and 24 hr of incubation. Exposure of cultured glial cells to LPS (1 μg/ml) for 96

hr inhibited mitochondria activity by approximately 30% with no apparent effects

on cell survival. Treatment with piperine (5 and 7.5 μM) or trolox (100 μM) for

24 hr after 96 hr of LPS exposure significantly boosted up mitochondrial activity

of glial cells. Postincubation with 5 μM of piperine or 100 μM of trolox reversed

LPS-induced glutathione diminution by 15% and 24%, respectively. Neither

piperine (5 μM) nor trolox (100 μM) affected LPS-induced nitrite accumulation

in cultured glial cells. These results suggested that piperine, especially at low

concentrations, might have stimulatory effect on glial cell metabolic activity and

facilitate glial cell function in brain inflammatory responses.

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Section
2003 Annual Meeting Abstracts/Lectures