Cytochrome B-5 Reductase Activity and Methemoglobinemia in Human Red Blood Cells of Thai Patients Receiving Nitroglycerin

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Supatra Srichairat
Vanida Rujirasereechai
Vanee Taweesup


Nitroglycerin and other organic nitrates have been used routinely in the treatment of angina pectoris and congestive heart failure. Clinical significant methemoglobinemia during administration of organic nitrates, including intravenous nitroglycerin, has been occasionally reported as a serious complication. In normal individuals, methemoglobin in red blood cell is maintained at a very low level (<1%). It is immediately reduced by cytochrome b5 reductase to the normal hemoglobin moiety. Since acquired methemoglobinemia is not only resulted from exposure to a variety of oxidizing agents but also related to cytochrome b5reductase deficiency, the present study was aimed to investigate the relationship of cytochrome b5reductase activity and methemoglobinemia. 114 normal blood samples from male and female healthy. volunteers of 20-65 years old were used as control group and 40 blood samples of patients receiving 24,000-104,000 μg (0.5-3.0 μg/kg/min) intravenous nitroglycerin were

collected. The concentrations of methemoglobin in 57 men and 57 women healthy volunteers were 0.05 ± 0.02 and 0.08 ± 0.02 % of total hemoglobin (mean ± SE) respectively. The cytochrome b5 reductase activity in male was lower (p<0.05) than female. No severe methemoglobinemia was found in these patients. However, the methemoglobin concentration and cytochrome b5activity in the treatment group were significantly higher (P<0.05) than the normal group. Our results showed that methemoglobin content of erythrocyte was independent on the activity of cytochrome b5 reductase. It was found that intravenous nitroglycerin administration in the total doses of 24,000- 104,000 μg produced not only slight increase of methemoglobin content but also the significant increase of their cytochrome b5reductase activity. However, the increased methemoglobin levels of these patients were found to be within an acceptable level of normal condition. In conclusion, clinically significant methemoglobinemia was uncommon with low doses of intravenous nitroglycerin administration. In addition, the correlation between cytochrome b5reductase activity and nitroglycerin administration should be further investigated.


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