Biochar influences nitrogen and phosphorus use efficiency of tomato and soil nutrients under groundwater and wastewater irrigation

Authors

  • Saira Batool Department of Environmental Sciences, Sardar Bahadur Khan Women’s University, Balochistan 83700, Pakistan
  • Shamim Gul Department of Botany, University of Balochistan, Balochistan 87500, Pakistan
  • Sadaf Aslam Ghori Department of Environmental Sciences, Sardar Bahadur Khan Women’s University, Balochistan 83700, Pakistan
  • Meenah Sohail Department of Environmental Sciences, Sardar Bahadur Khan Women’s University, Balochistan 83700, Pakistan
  • Saniya Kiran Department of Environmental Sciences, Sardar Bahadur Khan Women’s University, Balochistan 83700, Pakistan
  • Gul Bano Rehmanb Department of Botany, University of Balochistan, Balochistan 87500, Pakistan
  • Noornana Panezai Faculty of Life Sciences, Balochistan University of Information Technology, Engineering and Management Sciences, Balochistan 87300, Pakistan

Keywords:

Biochar, Nitrogen use efficiency, Phosphorus use efficiency, Soluble mineral phosphorus, Wastewater irrigation

Abstract

Wastewater irrigation is a common practice in developing countries, while the application of biochar in agricultural lands is gathering momentum worldwide. However, it is not known how biochar and wastewater in concert influence the uptake and concentration of nutrients in plants and soil, respectively. The influence was investigated of biochar on the growth performance of tomato plants grown in pots and the concentration of mineral N and soluble P in soil under wastewater and groundwater irrigation. Two biochars (wood-derived and manure-derived) were applied to soil as 3% and 7% amendments and tomato plants were grown. Both biochar types tended to increase the aboveground and belowground biomass and water use efficiency of plants at the higher application rate under both irrigation treatments (p < 0.05). The N contents in plant tissues were significantly higher for almost all treatments of biochar application rate under both irrigation treatments while under wastewater irrigation, biochar significantly reduced the P contents. The nitrogen use efficiency and phosphorus use efficiency of plants tended to increase (p < 0.05) at higher biochar application rates under both irrigation treatments. Amendment using biochars increased the concentration of mineral N and soluble P at both application rates under groundwater irrigation while under wastewater irrigation, only the P contents were increased in response to both biochar types at both application rates (p < 0.05).

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Published

2019-06-30

Issue

Section

Research Article