Assessment of genetic diversity among Plumeria spp. using random amplified polymorphic DNA technique

Authors

  • Pawinee Innark Faculty of Science and Technology, Dhonburi Rajabhat University, Bangkok 10600, Thailand.

Keywords:

DNA fingerprint, Genetic diversity, Molecular marker, Plumeria spp, Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) marker

Abstract

Plumeria (Plumeria spp.) is considered as one of the most popular ornamental plants, with many varieties. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the genetic diversity of plumeria using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers. Fifty plumeria samples were randomly collected from Dhonburi Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand and the surrounding area. The DNA of these samples was analyzed using 20 RAPD markers. The results showed that only 47 samples could amplify and produce 351 DNA bands. The average percentage polymorphism was 99.58%, the average polymorphic information content was 0.33, the average resolving power was 8.52, the average effective multiplex ratio was 17.45 and the average marker index was 5.80. All these values were highly effective in discriminating among the 47 plumeria samples. Cluster analysis using the unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic average divided the 47 samples into four groups (A–D). Moreover, principle component analysis showed that group A could be separated into three subgroups. From cluster analysis, plumeria could not be divided based on the flower color, petal and leaf shape, while the samples could be separated using the leaf apex. The results showed a high level of genetic variation among these plumeria samples. RAPD markers could be powerful tools for the detection of genetic diversity among Plumeria species. The information obtained from this study can be applied to genetic conservation, taxonomic investigation and breeding programs for plumeria in the future.

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Published

2020-04-24

Issue

Section

Research Article