Multidimensional scaling for sustainability of small pelagic fisheries in Sunda Strait

  • Ririn Irnawati Indonesia Center of Excellence for Food Security, University of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, Banten 42121, Indonesia
  • Hery Sutrawan Nurdin Indonesia Center of Excellence for Food Security, University of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, Banten 42121, Indonesia
  • Adi Susanto Indonesia Center of Excellence for Food Security, University of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, Banten 42121, Indonesia
  • Dini Surilayani Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, Banten 42121, Indonesia
  • Asep Hamzah Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, Banten 42121, Indonesia
  • Fahresa Nugraheni Supadminingsih Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, Banten 42121, Indonesia
Keywords: Attribute, Rapfish, Small pelagic, Sunda Strait, Sustainability

Abstract

The Sunda Strait is located at the confluence of two water masses (the Java Sea and the Indian Ocean) and contains abundant nutrients and phytoplankton, making it a potential fishing ground for pelagic fish. This research analyzed the sustainability of small pelagic fisheries in the Sunda Strait using a multidimensional approach. Rapfish (rapid appraisal technique to evaluate a fishery’s sustainability status) analysis using multidimensional scaling was applied to analyze the sustainability status of each dimension. Leverage analysis was applied to identify the most influential attributes to the sustainability status of each dimension. The results produced average sustainability index values for four dimensions: ecological dimension (44.18) economic dimension (40.71) social dimension (48.34) and technological dimension (35.74). Stress values greater than 0.25 indicated there were unacceptable conditions for sustaining the small pelagic fisheries in the Sunda Strait. The research concluded that the status for small pelagic fisheries in Sunda Strait was less sustainable.

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Published
2021-06-18
Section
Research Article