Multidimensional scaling for sustainability of small pelagic fisheries in Sunda Strait
The Sunda Strait is located at the confluence of two water masses (the Java Sea and the Indian Ocean) and contains abundant nutrients and phytoplankton, making it a potential fishing ground for pelagic fish. This research analyzed the sustainability of small pelagic fisheries in the Sunda Strait using a multidimensional approach. Rapfish (rapid appraisal technique to evaluate a fishery’s sustainability status) analysis using multidimensional scaling was applied to analyze the sustainability status of each dimension. Leverage analysis was applied to identify the most influential attributes to the sustainability status of each dimension. The results produced average sustainability index values for four dimensions: ecological dimension (44.18) economic dimension (40.71) social dimension (48.34) and technological dimension (35.74). Stress values greater than 0.25 indicated there were unacceptable conditions for sustaining the small pelagic fisheries in the Sunda Strait. The research concluded that the status for small pelagic fisheries in Sunda Strait was less sustainable.