Chemical profiles of three varieties of germinated rice based on LC-MS and their antioxidant activity

  • Phaiwan Pramai Department of Agro-Industry, Faculty of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, 65000, Thailand
  • Tipawan Thongsook Department of Agro-Industry, Faculty of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, 65000, Thailand
  • Parita Thanasukarn Department of Agro-Industry, Faculty of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, 65000, Thailand
  • Panatda Jannoey Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medical Science, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok 65000, Thailand
  • Nitra Nuengchamnong Science Laboratory Centre, Faculty of Science, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok 65000, Thailand
  • Feng Chen Department of Food, Nutrition and Packaging Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, 29634, USA
  • Maulidiani Maulidiani Laboratory of Natural Products, Institute of Bioscience, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Faridah Abas Laboratory of Natural Products, Institute of Bioscience, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Sudarat Jiamyungyuen Department of Agro-Industry, Faculty of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, 65000, Thailand
Keywords: germinated rice extract, chemical profiling, antioxidant activity, LC−ESI−Q−TOF−MS, γ-aminobutyric acid


In this study, chemical profiles in different germinated rice extracts (GREs) using different solvent extraction ratio were investigated. Three varieties of germinated rice (GR), including germinated white rice (GWR), germinated black rice (GBR) and germinated red rice (GRR) were extracted using 70 and 100% ethanol (v/v). Both extracts were characterized for their chemical profiles using liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization. This enzyme is thus the target of the widely available cholesterol-lowering drugs known collectively as the statins (Chen et al., 2011). This type of medication is usually an option for expression of LDL receptors in the liver, which in turn increases the catabolism of plasma LDL and lowers the plasma concentration of cholesterol, which is considered, by those who accept the standard lipid hypothesis, an important determinant of atherosclerosis. Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) treatment. Lovastatin has been well known as a strong HMG-CoA reductase quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS). The content of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), total phenolic content (TPC), and antioxidant activities were also determined. The chemical profiles of GREs are composed of organic acids, amino acids, vitamins, flavonoids, and phenolic compounds.


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Author Biography

Sudarat Jiamyungyuen, Department of Agro-Industry, Faculty of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, 65000, Thailand

Corresponding author(s), e-mail:,

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How to Cite
Pramai, P., Thongsook, T., Thanasukarn, P., Jannoey, P., Nuengchamnong, N., Chen, F., Maulidiani, M., Abas, F., & Jiamyungyuen, S. (2019). Chemical profiles of three varieties of germinated rice based on LC-MS and their antioxidant activity. Food and Applied Bioscience Journal, 7(2), 11-32. Retrieved from
Food Processing and Engineering