Effect of Zinc Hydroxychloride Supplementation on Growth Performance and Zinc Deposition in Broiler Chickens

Main Article Content

Onanong Chawalitjinda
Ornprapun Songserm
Koonphol Pongmanee
Yuwares Ruangpanit

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the effect of source and level of zinc on growth performance and mineral deposition of broilers. One–day–old male broiler chicks (n = 1540; Ross 308) were divided into four dietary treatments using factorial in a completely randomized design with 2 sources of zinc (ZnO and ZnOHCl) and level of zinc (50 and 100 ppm) in the diets. Each treatment consisted of 11 replications with 35 birds per replication. All diets were formulated with no growth promoter and coccidiostat supplementation. The results showed no significant interaction source and level of zinc on overall growth performance (0–35 DOA), carcass quality and mineral deposition (P>0.05). However, birds fed diets containing 100 ppm zinc had a significantly higher feed intake (P<0.05), significantly higher mortality (P<0.05) and higher FCR (P<0.05) when compared to 50 ppm of zinc supplementation. The supplementation of ZnOHCl tended to increase body weight gain (P=0.0914), to reduce mortality rate (P=0.0591) and to enhance zinc deposition in the liver (P=0.0517). It can be concluded that feeding diets with ZnOHCl improved the production performance of broilers by increase body weight gain, reduced mortality, and enhanced zinc deposition in the liver.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
Research Article

References

อังคณา หาญบรรจง และ ดวงสมร สินเจิมศิริ. 2532. การวิเคราะห์และการประเมินคุณภาพอาหารสัตว์. ภาควิชาสัตวบาล คณะเกษตร มหาวิทยาลัย เกษตรศาสตร์, กรุงเทพมหานคร. 159 หน้า.

Akbari Moghaddam Kakhki, R., R. Bakhshalinejad, A. Hassanabadi and P. Ferket. 2017. Effects of dietary organic zinc and α–tocopheryl acetate supplements on growth performance, meat quality, tissues mineral and α–tocopheryl deposition in broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 96: 1257–1267.

AOAC. 2012. Official Methods of Analysis. 19th ed. The Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, Washington DC.

AOAC. 2016. Official Methods of Analysis. 20th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Inc., Maryland.

Batal, A. B., T. M. Parr and D. H. Baker. 2001. Zinc bioavailability in tetrabasic zinc chloride and the dietary zinc requirement of young chicks fed a soy concentratediet. Poult. Sci. 80: 87–91.

Cao, J., P. R. Henry and C. B. Ammerman. 2000. Relative bioavailability of basic zinc sulfate and basic zinc chloride for chick. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 9: 513–517.

Chabosseau, P. and A. R. Guy. 2016. Zinc and Diabetes. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 611: 79–85.

Faa, G., V. N. Nurchi, A. Ravarino, D. Fanni, S. Nemolato, C. Gerosa, P. V. Eyken and K. Geboes. 2008. Zinc in gastrointestinal and liver disease. Available Source: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010854507002263, April 28, 2018.

Kim, W. K. and P. H. Patterson. 2004. Effect of dietary zinc supplementation on performance and nitrogen loss from manure. Poult. Sci. 83(1): 34–8.

Lara, L. J. and M. H. Rostagno. 2013. Impact of heat stress on poultry production. J. Animals. 3: 356–369.

Li, X., J. Yin, X. Chen, J. Zang and X. Zhou. 2006. Dietary supplementation with zinc oxide increase IGF–1 and IGF–1 receptor gene expression in small intestine on weaning piglets. J. Nutr. 136(7): 1786–1791.

Ramiah S. K., E. A. Awad, S. Mookiah and Z. Idrus. 2019. Effects of zinc oxide nanoparticles on growth performance and concentrations of malondialdehyde, zinc in tissues, and corticosterone in broiler chickens under heat stress conditions. Poult. Sci. 98: 3828–3838.

Ross 308 broiler. 2014. Nutrition Specification. Available Source: http://www.tmea.staging.aviagen.com/assets/Tech_Center/Ross_Broiler/Ross–308–Broiler–Nutrition–Specs–2014r17–EN.pdf, March 20, 2018.

Underwood, E. J. and N. F. Suttle. 2004. The Mineral Nutrition of Livestock. 3rd ed. Zinc. CAB International. Moredun research institute, UK.

Wedekind, K. J. and D. H. Baker. 1990. Zinc bioavailability in feed–grade source of zinc. J. Anim. Sci. 68: 684–689.

Yin, J., X. Li, D. Li, T. Yue, Q. Fang, J. Ni, X. Zhou and G. Wu. 2009. Dietary supplementation with zinc oxide stimulates ghrelin secretion from stomach of young pigs. J. Nutr. Biochem. 20(10): 783–790.

Most read articles by the same author(s)