Effect of microwave-assisted extraction of β-carotene from Borassus flabellifer Fruit in different solvents for cosmetic application


  • Likit Lateh Cosmetic science, Health & Anti-aging, Faculty of Science Technology & Agriculture, Yala Rajabhat University
  • Nisaporn Muhamad Cosmetic science, Health & Anti-aging, Faculty of Science Technology & Agriculture, Yala Rajabhat University


Borassus flabellifer, β-carotene, Microwave


This study focused on the preparation of β-carotene extracted from Borassus flabellifer fiber and peel using microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) and alternative solvents for cosmetic formulation. Propylene glycol was utilized as the solvent, a microwave with a power of 600 W, and three cycles of irradiation at a temperature of 75–80 °C were selected. One cycle consisted of 30 seconds of power-on and 30 seconds of power-off. Extracts of B. flabellifer were assessed for their antioxidant activity and total phenolic content. Using the DPPH scavenging assay and the Folin-Ciocalteu method, the amount of the extracts was determined. The antioxidant activities of peel extracts were found to be more competent than those of fiber extracts, with IC50 values of 0.0039 ± 0.98 and 1.23 ± 0.85 mg/mL, respectively. The total phenolic content of B. flabellifer fiber and peel extracts was determined to be 50.26 ± 1.00 mg GAE/g and 6.67 ± 0.25 mg GAE/g, respectively. The production of B. flabellifer peel extracts is one of the most effective methods for enhancing the antioxidant activity of β-carotene, suggesting its potential to be utilized in cosmetics.


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How to Cite

Lateh L, Muhamad N. Effect of microwave-assisted extraction of β-carotene from Borassus flabellifer Fruit in different solvents for cosmetic application. Health Sci Tech Rev [Internet]. 2023 Dec. 18 [cited 2024 May 18];16(3):40-52. Available from: https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/journalup/article/view/258836