Nitrogen-fixing Bacteria and Trends in Agricultural Applications
Keywords:Agriculture, Nitrogen-fixing Bacteria, Non-symbiotic, Symbiotic
Bacteria that can increase the number of nutrients in the soil are important to plants, especially nitrogen-fixing bacteria that fix atmospheric nitrogen and change into the form that plants can use. In recent years, the use of nitrogen-fixing bacteria in agriculture has received a lot of attention because it offers an economically attractive and environmentally friendly method. Many species of nitrogen-fixing bacteria, symbiotic and non-symbiotic, that promote plant growth are used on a regular basis in order to improve crop yields. In addition to agricultural benefits, there are also potential benefits for environmental applications. Many nitrogenfixing bacteria which grow and multiply within plant tissues are called endophytes. They illustrate the tight association with the plant tissues without causing damage. Therefore, different types of endophytes which produce plant growth hormone provide benefit for many plants.
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