Effects of Dietary Lasia (Lasia spinosa (L.) Thwaites) Extract on Growth Performance and Physiological Indices of Common Lowland Frog (Rana rugulosa)


  • Somsak Khambaione Program of Science Education, Faculty of Science, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University
  • Kajita Somnate Program of Applied Statistics, Faculty of Science, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University
  • Phukphon Munglue Program of Biology, Faculty of Science, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University


Raniculture, Natural feed Additives, Growth promoters, Intestinal histology


A wide range of biological and pharmacological activities of lasia (Lasia spinosa (L.) Thwaites) are well established. However, little attention has been paid to the growth-promoting effects of lasia on aquatic animals. This study was aimed at elucidating the effects of dietary lasia extract (LE) on growth performance and physiological indices of common lowland frog (Rana rugulosa). Lasia leaf extract was prepared and phytochemical screening showed the presence of flavonoids, terpenoids, phenolic compounds, tannins, steroids, glycosides, and anthraquinones. Four treatments of male frog (initial weights of 14.00±1.00 g) were fed for 8 weeks with diets supplemented with 0 (control), 1, 3, and 5 g LE/kg diets. The results revealed that growth performance parameters were significantly improved in frog fed with LE-supplemented diets compared with the control (P < 0.05). The survival rate, hepatosomatic index, intestinosomatic index, splenosomatic index, cardiosomatic index, and renosomatic index did not change among the treatments (P > 0.05). An increase in intraperitoneal fat weight was noticed in frog fed with LE-supplemented diets compared with the control (P < 0.05). Dietary LE significantly improved villi height, villi width, and the absorptive surface area of the frog intestine compared to control (P < 0.05). Hemoglobin was markedly increased in frog fed with 5 g LE/kg diet compared with the other treatments (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in hematocrit, white blood cells, and red blood cells among all treatments (P > 0.05). Dietary LE did not affect the levels of serum total protein, albumin, alkaline phosphatase, aspartate transaminase, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P > 0.05). Decreased cholesterol levels were detected in frog fed with LE-supplemented diets compared with the control (P < 0.05). Glucose value was significantly enhanced in frog fed with 5 g LE/kg diet compared with the other treatments (P < 0.05). Taken together, these findings support the beneficial effects of dietary LE on the growth and physiological indices of the frog. The suitable level of LE observed by using the second-order polynomial regression analysis was 3.60 g LE/kg diet.


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How to Cite

Khambaione, S., Somnate, K., & Munglue, P. (2023). Effects of Dietary Lasia (Lasia spinosa (L.) Thwaites) Extract on Growth Performance and Physiological Indices of Common Lowland Frog (Rana rugulosa). Journal of Food Health and Bioenvironmental Science, 14(1), 51–63. Retrieved from https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/sdust/article/view/260579



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